The Office of the District Attorney in Alabama’s 22nd Judicial Circuit will concentrate on response and prevention. Response will include the formation of the opiate abuse prevention task force, which will be responsible for providing expedited responses for all opiate overdoses as well as for violent crimes involving opiates. The office will provide training for all local first responders on proper crime scene management and preservation as well as treating overdose victims and witnesses. Overdose response kits will be distributed to all police and fire departments in the county. Advertising campaigns will encourage those present during an overdose to call 9-1-1 without fear of arrest, provided they are not directly responsible for the overdose. The task force will host meetings with local doctors and pharmacists to develop and promote safe prescribing protocols. In the event that patients are found to be abusing prescriptions, the office will take the proper procedures to hold them accountable and to promote treatment through rehabilitation. The office will take all available steps to prosecute any doctors found to be illegally or unnecessarily prescribing opiates. Prevention efforts will be directed at high school students through part-time work-study peer helpers, who will be hired to maintain communication with students to warn them about the dangers of opioid use. The office will also partner with Operation Save Teens, a program that shows area teenagers the dangers of opiate abuse.
The Adams County Health Department will embed a community care coordinator within the Sheriff's Office, Probation Department and County Court to provide a real-time interface between community recovery resources and the criminal justice system; expand capacity of the quick response team; expand drug treatment opportunities to incarcerated individuals, including MAT; establish peer recovery support for individuals returning to the community before release; establish a Handle with Care program; and establish an overdose fatality review committee.
Alabama’s Department of Mental Health, in partnership with the Alabama Bureau of Justice Assistance, a division of the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, proposes to conduct a statewide comprehensive needs assessment and plan for the design and implementation of criminal justice diversion and treatment services in select counties in Alabama. The proposed project is called ROAD to Recovery (Reducing Opioid Addiction through Diversion).
Alabama's Department of Mental Health (ADMH), working in partnership with the Alabama Department of Economic Affairs and multiple state agencies as well as community organizations, will develop a Centralized Data Repository (CDR) to hold data and distribute results to identified agencies. Combining the information from an arrest to treatment to death to hospital care to community impact will offer a data solution that allows analysis informing targeted strategies to reduce prescription drug abuse and opioid addiction. This combined data-driven initiative will aid in reducing the number of people diverting, misusing, and abusing prescription drugs and opioids in Alabama in a way that siloed data as it exists now will never be able to accomplish.
Alabama’s Department of Mental Health, in partnership with the Alabama Bureau of Justice Assistance, a division of the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, will pilot an evidence-based model or models of diversion from incarceration for opioid-addicted individuals interacting with the criminal justice system and to study the impact/outcomes of such interventions, spreading successful intervention statewide at the completion of the project period, to reduce incarceration, recidivism, morbidity, and mortality for adults with opioid use disorders (OUDs) who are cycling through the criminal justice system.
The Alabama Department of Public Health will develop updated training for prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) users, produce public service announcements to educate the public, integrate the PDMP into electronic health records and pharmacy dispensing software, and analyze the PDMP data.
Alaska’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) is underutilized—only 82 percent of potential prescribers are registered. The Alaska Department of Health and Social Services will use grant funds to assist in assessing the levels of awareness of the PDMP among health-care practitioners; identifying statewide trends in controlled substance prescribing; increasing provider self-awareness of prescribing habits; expanding the data collected by increasing usage of the PDMP; and recommending policy changes to prevent opioid overuse, misuse, abuse, and overdose. The current PDMP program will be enhanced by adding a prescriber report card function to track prescribing habits.
The Alaska Department of Health and Social Services will institute an Alaska Public Safety and Public Health Drug Overdose Death Review that will assess the social, behavioral, and health system determinants of overdose deaths, with the goal of identifying opportunities for prevention and development of effective public policies.
The State of Alaska Tribal Diversion Project will support multiagency efforts in planning and implementing partnerships with tribes to establish effective law enforcement diversion programs for offenders, including those who abuse illicit or prescription opioids. This funding will support project implementation, enhancement, and management and address the opioid and drug epidemic in tribal communities. The deliverables will include implemented diversion agreements, along with subgrants to Alaska Tribes to directly support their efforts. Funding will also be used to support planning and collaboration among the Department of Law, the Department of Public Safety, the Department of Health and Social Services Division of Juvenile Justice, and Alaska Tribes.
The Alcohol, Drug Addiction and Mental Health Services Board of Cuyahoga County will use grant funds to support a Data Subcommittee of the Heroin and Opioid Task Force (HOTF). The Data Subcommittee will develop an action plan and a blueprint for an integrated data sharing platform to be implemented by the HOTF. Begun Center of Case Western Reserve University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Appalachian District Health Department, the Mediation and Restorative Justice Center and the Watauga County Sheriff’s Office are proposing to strengthen existing treatment services for offenders with opioid and other substance use disorders, establish a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program, embed peer support services in the local criminal justice system, and increase the capacity of first responders to respond to the opioid epidemic with effective, evidence-based interventions. Grant funds will support: a full-time hybrid position to serve as the detention center social worker/LEAD case manager and will serve as project coordinator; a full time peer-support specialist to work as a key member of these programs to ensure development and implementation meet the unique needs of those who have experienced addiction and incarceration.
The Arizona Criminal Justice Commission (ACJC) will use grant funds to hire a criminal justice treatment coordinator and bring together representatives from partner agencies and community service agencies to create and implement the Arizona Criminal Justice and Treatment Improvement Project. Since the grant provided to ACJC was a statewide planning grant, the focus of this project period will be developing and submitting an implementation grant to the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) in 2019 that promotes strategies to identify and provide treatment recovery support services to high-frequency utilizers of multiple systems who have a history of opioid misuse and expanding diversion and alternatives to incarceration programs. Partner agencies include the Arizona Health Care Cost Containment System, the Arizona High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA), the Arizona Department of Health Services, the State Department of Corrections, the Department of Public Safety, the Attorney General’s Office, the Administrative Office of the Courts, county attorneys, county sheriffs, chiefs of police, and county and city administration. The Arizona COAP Project team submitted its implementation grant to BJA in June 2019 under category 2-C, requesting funds to implement new programs in six sites across Arizona and to enhance and evaluate existing programs.
Arkansas Community Correction will establish the capability to provide technology-assisted treatment and recovery services for adult offenders under parole or probation supervision for substance abuse in 15 rural counties by purchasing hardware and software and increasing the bandwidth in the community supervision offices.
The Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration will: • Support an overdose crime scene team consisting of a criminal investigator and a peer recovery specialist to assist law enforcement task forces/agencies in a minimum of six geographically diverse sites (counties, regions, or localities) within the state. • Increase access and enrollment to treatment, increase education and awareness, and evaluate the grant strategies identified in 25 localities within the state to address offenders who may be opioid abusers. The sites to receive subawards will be selected through a competitive process. Subawardees will be required to use overdoes detection mapping application program. An independent evaluator will be selected after the grant is awarded.
The Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration proposes to develop a statewide comprehensive opioid abuse plan that will include goals, objectives, and strategies addressing opioid abuse and misuse. The goals are to develop resources, recommend evidence-based practices, and create online tools that will aid Arkansas communities in reducing opioid abuse/misuse and related deaths and assist offenders with a history of opioid abuse. To meet the proposed objectives, the planning process will be facilitated by the planning consultant and consist of collaboration and partnerships from across state agencies and local entities. The required collaborative partner for this project is the Department of Human Services/State Drug Director, the state agency responsible for alcohol and substance abuse services. Other partnering agencies include the Department of Human Services/Office of the State Drug Director; representatives from the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Program (HIDTA); the Administrative Office of the Courts; Arkansas Community Correction (ACC), Probation and Parole; Department of Human Services, Child Welfare; Governor’s Office–Senior Advisor for Child Welfare; Arkansas Sheriff’s Association; Arkansas Chief’s Association; Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Arkansas Foundation for Medical Care (AFMC); Arkansas Municipal League (an association of city/county governments); the City of El Dorado; and the City of Marianna. After the plan is finalized and approved, the state will move towards the implementation phase. The state anticipates providing up to 25 subawards to localities/communities. Representatives from these localities/communities will be trained, utilize developed resources, implement strategies identified in the comprehensive plan, and become designated opioid task forces.
The Arkansas Department of Health seeks to convene an action group, the Prescription Drug Overdose (PDO) Advisory Council, to encourage and support cross-system planning and collaboration to reduce the incidence of morbidity and mortality related to opioid overdose. The approach will include integrating prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data with all identified data sets, developing composite tables that combine indicators across data sources, providing training and education to opioid prescribers, assessing the impact of specific policy changes to the PDMP, and creating the Opioid Misuse Action Group to provide feedback on the data sets. The Arkansas Department of Health will also implement the Dose of Reality educational campaign to combat opioid abuse.
The Arkansas Department of Health will create a data repository that links prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data, emergency department/hospitalization data, and death certificates using semantic integration; develop a risk prediction tool for identifying individuals at risk for opioid overdose using the linked data sets, creating a graphical user interface for the linked databases and a risk-prediction tool; and implement a statewide campaign using the new tools created by this application to increase awareness of opioid overdose risk in Arkansas.
The Arkansas Office of the State Drug Director, together with Arkansas Foundation for Medical Care, proposes to create a statewide data sharing infrastructure with a single data repository/database; an interactive Web portal accessible by law enforcement, criminal justice, and health-care stakeholders; and syndromic drug overdose surveillance via dashboards and heat maps. The objectives of the project are to promote cross-system planning and coordination of opioid abuse prevention and treatment interventions through information-sharing partnerships with key stakeholders; increase the timeliness, comprehensiveness, and reporting of fatal and nonfatal opioid overdose data; disseminate surveillance findings to key stakeholders and policymakers to inform prevention and response efforts; and monitor use of the data sharing system and implement ongoing quality controls.
The Bad River Band of Lake Superior Tribe of Chippewa Indians will expand drug and alcohol tretment through the development and implementation of halfway house services and hiring counseling staff to provide services to clients seeking substance abuse counseling.
In Beaver County, Pennsylvania, accidental overdose deaths increased by 240 percent from 2014 to 2016, and more than 600 naloxone reversals were reported in 2016. Beaver County is also the first county in the region to report an overdose death from carfentanil, an analog of the synthetic opioid analgesic fentanyl, 10,000 times more potent than morphine. In response, Beaver County will implement a program to analyze the underlying causes of opioid misuse and to create a data exchange system for use by the Criminal Justice Advisory Board, the Sequential Intercept Model Committee, and the Drug Coalition to influence policy. Additional goals include evaluating outreach, prevention, and treatment efforts and to work to expand prescription drug monitoring. Townsend Associates LLC will serve as the project’s research partner.
The goal is to use grant funds to establish a data-sharing platform and agreements among all stakeholders to exchange critical pieces of information (or data elements) to conduct real-time data analysis. The process would entail using victim information contained in existing data sets to develop a notification system to alert stakeholders in real time when a high-frequency overdose victim becomes “active” in one of the data sets. The activation would also trigger a response by health care partners to provide the appropriate intervention and treatment options. This notification system would be leveraged through artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning techniques.
The Berkeley County Council proposes to provide mental health services to children ages 12-18 who are at risk of substance abuse or are experiencing substance abuse personally or at home. Peer recovery coaching will be provided for families with a school-age student or family member suffering substance use disorders. Finally, prevention and education activities will be offered for children.
Aiming to reduce drug overdose rates in Martinsburg, West Virginia, the Berkeley County Council will implement the Berkeley County Volunteer Support Network. In 2014, Berkeley County had approximately 71 percent as many fatal overdoses per 100,000 people as Baltimore. To remedy the issue, the project strives to expand direct services to overdose survivors and improve the city’s ability to connect individuals to treatment services. Funds will also be utilized to conduct an analysis of the project’s effectiveness. The project will collaborate with the Berkeley County Health Department, the Berkeley County Day Report Center, the West Virginia State Police, the Martinsburg Police Department, and West Virginia University Medicine.
Bernalillo County in New Mexico will use grant funds to expand access to treatment and recovery support services across behavioral health, primary care, criminal justice, and emergency management services. Grant funds will be used to hire a full-time coordinator and two case managers. The county and partners will engage in comprehensive planning; create a mobile harm reduction center staffed by a nurse and the two case managers; increase medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for off reservation urban Indians; provide transitional housing for underserved youth and their families; and provide MAT to incarcerated youth. The University of New Mexico Institute for Social Research will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
Bexar County Commissioners Court will create a strategic plan, develop a dashboard of all data related to opioid use and abuse, and fund evidence-based outpatient and residential treatment. The University of Texas at San Antonio will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Boone County Health Department will use grant funds to integrate behavioral health services into the jail’s detainee health services, including introducing medication-assisted treatment and initiate a Recovery Navigator program to provide comprehensive case management to detainees and opioid-abusing individuals coming into contact with law enforcement and first responders. The grant funds will support a full-time navigator and project coordinator. The Boone County Task Force will provide direct support to include developing a screening and referral process, identify and implement evidence-based services; develop sustainability and implementation plans, and an evaluation plan to track impacts and outcomes.
The Boston Police Department (BPD), in partnership with the Boston Public Health Commission, will expand and enhance a community-based, first-responder, post-overdose follow-up program in the city of Boston. Multidisciplinary teams consisting of at least one BPD member and one public health advocate will conduct home-based outreach intervention with at least 100 individuals per quarter who have recently experienced nonfatal opioid overdoses to provide access to naloxone and recovery support services. These individuals will receive prioritized access to detoxification and treatment services, as well as access to medication-assisted treatment. Dr. J. Richard Woy of JRW Associates will serve as research partner.
Boulder County Community Justice Services will work with the project partners to develop diversion and policy-related programming across intercept points as alternatives to traditional prosecution for offenders with low criminogenic risk who are facing opioid-related charges, those with treatment needs who are residing in jail, or those reentering the community, with a focus across all interventions on those who are high system utilizers. The OMNI Institute will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Bristol Bay Native Association will use grant funds to respond to identified gaps by facilitating the development of an outreach/quick response team to support those impacted by the opioid epidemic throughout the recovery process. The outreach/quick response team will divert survivors of overdoses to substance abuse treatment. If children are present at the time of an overdose, the team will guide the families to resources. This project will provide community-wide education and prevention activities that help build coping skills and introduce healthy alternative activities, including culturally appropriate therapeutic art therapy. The project will incorporate overdose dectection mapping application program.
Buncombe County Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) proposes to connect individuals at risk of overdose with substance use treatment and peer support; provide transitional or recovery housing for individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) leaving the jails or the emergency department; develop programs to address the opioid epidemic in rural areas; develop and implement a comprehensive plan to reduce the risk of overdose death and enhance treatment and recovery service engagement among the pretrial and post-trial populations leaving jails; and support the timely collection and integration of data to provide an understanding of drug trends, support program evaluation, inform clinical decision-making, identify at-risk individuals or populations, and support investigations. Buncombe County DHHS, the Sheriff’s Office, and Emergency Medical Services will implement the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
Burke County will support the continuation of its law enforcement-assisted diversion (LEAD) program and implement and pilot the Helping Achieve Recovery through Burke Opioid Use Reduction (HARBOUR) program which is patterned after the Recovery Community Center (RCC) model. The goals of the project include: (1) reduce overdose incidents and deaths; (2) give low-level offenders the opportunity to access treatment with long-term recovery support instead of criminal justice system involvement, thereby reducing recidivism rates and long-term costs to the taxpayers; (3) provide treatment and long-term recovery support along with maximizing the ability of those in recovery to reintegrate into the community. Partners include Burke County Sheriff’s Office, Morganton Department of Public Safety, Valdese Police Department, Drexel Police Department, Glen Alpine Police Department, Burke United Christian Ministries, Burke Council on Alcoholism and Chemical Dependency, Inc. (dba Burke Recovery), Catawba Valley Behavioral Health, and Burke County Health Department.
Butler County will expand the existing pilot Quick Response Team (QRT) to the more rural areas of the county, establish victim services by hiring a care coordinator, expand school-based groups for children of opiate abusers, and establish law enforcement and court-based diversion options for nonviolent opioid abusers. Miami University of Ohio will serve as the local research partner. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
Camden County, New Jersey, plans to implement the Camden County Opioid Abuse Diversion Program (CCOAD) to improve treatment and support services for individuals with a history of opioid abuse diagnosis. These interventions will specifically target the pre-trial and reentry intercepts of the Sequential Intercept Model. The initial phase of CCOAD entailed conducting a comprehensive assessment of individuals incarcerated in the Camden County Correctional Facility (CCCF) to document the extent of the opioid crisis in the Camden County jail, subsequently setting up wraparound services at the pre-trial and reentry intercepts. The second phase of the program entails the integration of specialized care managers to work intensely with individuals with an opioid abuse diagnosis upon their release to help them navigate treatment options and resources as well as advocacy specific to housing, employment, legal challenges, and access to social services. In addition, CCOAD will include a comprehensive ongoing analysis on the effectiveness of strategies used by the program. The Walter Rand Institute of Public Affairs at Rutgers University will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Tlingit and Haida Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Prevention and Intervention Project will plan, develop, and implement a civil diversion program though the Tlingit and Haida Court that targets Native families in southeast Alaska impacted by opioid abuse. The project will utilize a stakeholder consultation model for completing assessment, capacity building, and strategic planning necessary to implement and sustain a comprehensive, culturally competent diversion program and system.
In response to increasing rates of opioid overdose across New Mexico, the City of Albuquerque will implement the Albuquerque Peer to Peer program, which seeks to more effectively connect survivors with substance abuse treatment immediately after an overdose incident. Between January 2015 and June 2016, the City of Albuquerque Fire Department responded to nearly 600 opiate overdoses. Peer engagement specialists will ensure a streamlined connection between survivors and those at risk of overdose presenting in the emergency department for treatment. To complement this comprehensive and sustainable approach to treatment, the University of New Mexico’s Institute for Social Research will work to evaluate the impact of the program on the city’s population. The peer engagement specialists will work closely with the Albuquerque Police Department and a handful of community-based treatment providers to reduce the incidence of opioid overdoses in Albuquerque.
The city of Brockton will develop a collaborative case management system involving healthcare experts, treatment specialists, police outreach officers, and recovery coaches. The case management team will work intensively to engage the highest risk populations and provide them with resources that will best meet their needs with the goal of sustained engagement in treatment. The project includes partnerships among the city of Brockton, the Champion Plan, Gandara Center, and Brockton Area Multi-Services, Inc. Community Outreach, Prevention, and Education (C.O.P.E.) Center. This project will engage Kelly Research Associates as its research partner.
The City of Brockton will use award funds to support its Project Link Up, primarily through salaries for police officers and crime analysts, as well as city surveillance cameras and enhanced street lighting in targeted areas. The Brockton Police Department Project Link Up will focus on substance use disorders and firearms violence-reduction efforts.
The City of Charleston will use funding to hire a full-time coordinator and peer recovery coaches and support joint funding of a data analyst with the West Virginia Drug Intervention Institute (WV DII) at the University of Charleston to expand data analysis. Project partners include Thomas Hospital and WV DII. The City of Charleston has engaged WW DII at the University of Charleston as its research and evaluation partner.
The Chicago Police Department (CPD) will expand their current law enforcement diversion initiative and allow the treatment provider staff to provide assessment and referral services to three additional CPD Districts. This project will be focused on the West Side of Chicago, with a population of 487,687. Funds will be used to hire treatment staff that will be able to administer the deflection program, provide training to officers in the additional districts on the program, institute quarterly HealthStat (fatal and non-fatal overdose review), and evaluation. CPD has also engaged an evaluation research partner, the University of Chicago Crime Lab. They will collect data, perform analysis, and contribute to the program and research design. Additionally, CPD has committed to integrating overdose detection mapping application program into their data collection.
Clinton, Iowa, will increase community collaboration with a multidisciplinary team to address high-frequency utilizers of multiple systems. To tackle this community epidemic, the multidisciplinary team engaged in this project has determined to formulate and implement a Drug Abuse Response Team (DART) composed of Clinton police officers and Clinton Fire Department EMS, as well as specially trained Area Substance Abuse Council members, who will work in partnership with other community agencies such as Mercy and Bridgeview to identify, educate, assist, and provide resources to at-risk individuals. In addition, a medication-assisted treatment (MAT) program will be implemented that will partner to provide peer recovery support services, cognitive behavioral therapy, and case management. Dr. Barbara St. Marie of the University of Iowa College of Nursing will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Columbus Department of Public Safety’s Rapid Response Emergency Addiction and Crisis Team (RREACT) will hire a project manager, fund a case manager, and fund staff members at the Franklin County Family and Children First Council to provide wraparound service coordination and trauma counseling for children and families impacted by overdose. Grant funds will be used to establish standard protocols for case management for overdose survivors who do not immediately choose to enter treatment; incorporate connection to kinship supports and trauma counseling for children and family members impacted by overdose; implement standards case management protocols; and measure the impact of community-based RREACT services on repeat overdose, entry into treatment, and future engagement with the justice system. The Columbus Division of Fire (which operates the RREACT Program) will partner with an external researcher for project evaluation.
Dayton, Ohio, will enhance the Get Recovery Options Working (GROW) program. GROW is a coordinated multidisciplinary response team that includes the Dayton Police Department, Dayton Fire Department, and peer recovery specialists. Dr. Mary Huber from Wright State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Detroit Police Department’s Opioid Abuse Diversion Program will create and implement a law enforcement-led pre- and post-arrest diversion in Detroit using the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model. The School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. The applicant agreed to provide data through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Duluth Police Department’s Lake Superior Drug and Violent Crime Task Force (LSDVCTF) will purchase naloxone kits for police officers and first-responder members of the task force. A project coordinator will follow up on all overdose calls within the LSDVCTF area of operation and make face-to-face contact with overdose victims and their family members to provide referrals. The University of Minnesota, Duluth, will serve as the research partner on the proposed project. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The City of Duluth in Minnesota will enhance its part-time diversion program funded under a 2018 COAP grant. With grant funding, they will expand the Lake Superior Diversion Program to full-time by hiring a Diversion Officer. Funds will also be used to secure one treatment bed for use by the program and support project coordinator and data analyst positions. Additional activities include naloxone purchase, training, and the development of specialized training for law enforcement on children and families. Project partners include the Center for Alcohol and Drug Treatment, St. Louis County’s Substance Abuse Prevention and Intervention Initiative, and the South St. Louis County Drug Court. The project will serve a multi-jurisdictional geographic area. The applicant has engaged an independent evaluator for the program. The applicant requests priority consideration as a Qualified Opportunity Zone.
The city of Hamilton will expand its response to opioid addiction by collaborating with Heroin Hope Line, Transitional Living (TLC), and New Life Mission to reduce the number of drug-dependent individuals within the city of Hamilton. The Hamilton Police Department currently uses several officers on a part-time basis to assist with the intervention of drug-dependent individuals. With grant funds, the Hamilton Police Department will dedicate officers who will identify potential individuals for the program through overdose reports, conduct follow-up with victims of overdoses, and proactively reach out to individuals at risk of overdose.
The Holyoke Police Department will use funds primarily for salaries that support a project coordinator, a narcotics intervention officer, a recovery coach, and a mental health supervisor. Through the Project Recovery and Engagement of Addicts and Chronic users of Heroin (REACH) Project, the Holyoke Police Department will address the significant opiate drug problem in Holyoke, Massachusetts. Project goals are to decrease the number of overdose victims, decrease the number of narcotics crimes, and increase the support systems for people addicted to opioids in Holyoke.
The Holyoke Police Department will implement Project Heroin Addiction Recovery Team Support (HARTS), designed to address the significant opiate drug problem in Holyoke, Massachusetts. The Holyoke Police Department will partner with the recovery coach to meet with all survivors of an opioid overdose, either in the community or at the emergency department. The University of Massachusetts, Amherst, will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
Houston, Texas, will create the Houston Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Program (COAP). The proposed Houston COAP program represents a partnership among the Houston Police Department, the Houston Recovery Center, and the Houston Fire Emergency Medical Service. The University of Texas Health Science Center will serve as the proposed research partner. The program supports a peer recovery specialist, who is also part of this outreach team. The shared goal is to get opioid-addicted users into medication-assisted treatment and long-term care and recovery. The Houston Police Department is also using funds to reduce the overall supply of opioids in the region through comprehensive investigations of both fatal and nonfatal overdoses of victims in the area.
The Houston Health Department (HHD) will partner with Houston Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Houston Forensic Sciences Center, and the Houston Police Department (HPD) to implement the Drug Overdose and Misuse Alert System (DOMAS) project to fill the current gap in access to real-time data to address opiate overdose and misuse in Houston. The objectives are: (1) Implement overdose detection mapping application program using EMS data for real-time alerts and mapping for overdoses with notifications to law enforcement, public health, health care providers and the public. (2) Provide situational awareness of prescribing patterns for opioids/other drugs and actual overdose sites at the zip code level by analysis of Texas Prescription Drug Monitoring Program data. (3) Enhance awareness of street drugs among stakeholders through cooperation with the Houston Forensic Science Center, to provide timely local analysis of seized drugs, especially opioids.
The City of Huntington, West Virginia, will implement a community Quick Response Team (QRT) that will include medical care providers, law enforcement, and recovery and treatment providers, along with research partners. This multidisciplinary team will strive toward a significant reduction in the number of overdoses, with an emphasis on the recurrent cases. Federal funds will be used to assess project participants’ needs and assess their capabilities and preferences to determine appropriate plans for intervention, which includes, but is not limited to, provision of access to recovery and treatment services. Community capacity and cohesion will be fostered by engaging and educating those communities that have been disproportionately affected by the crisis in substance abuse, mental health, treatment, and recovery service awareness. The overall target through the collaborative efforts of the QRT is to decrease the number of overdoses by at least 20 percent annually and the number of recurrent overdoses by 40 percent annually. The Marshall University Department of Public Health will serve as an action research partner.
The city of Jacksonville proposes to implement peer navigators to provide case management to individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD); a law enforcement-assisted diversion program (LEAD); a Quick Response Team; continuum of care for children and families of individuals with OUD, including a psychologist in the schools; and establish an overdose fatality review board. Doctors Christina Lanier and Kristen DeVall from the University of North Carolina Wilmington will evaluate the project.
The Longmont Department of Public Safety, located in Boulder County, Colorado, will expand its Crisis Outreach Response and Engagement (CORE) program. Grant funds will be used to support a paramedic, two peer case managers, a project coordinator, and treatment for individuals who are struggling with substance use or co-occurring disorders. The University of Colorado, Boulder, will serve as the research partner on the proposed project.
The Lowell Police Department is proposing to enhance and expand the Community Opioid-Outreach Program team (Lowell Police, Fire, Health, Trinity EMS, Lowell House) by: adding a youth services coordinator to focus on the needs of children affected by the opioid epidemic, two outreach specialists to expand service to the homeless community by serving as a liaison between agencies to improve communication and connect their various resources, and conduct pro-active outreach to any individuals with substance use disorder before an overdose. Grant funds will support a coordinator, crime analyst, full-time clinical recovery specialist and youth services coordinator, outreach recovery specialist and research team. University of Massachusetts Lowell will serve as the research team comprised of researchers from Center for Community Research & Engagement, School of Criminology and Justice Studies, and Community Health and Sustainability.
The City of Madison Police Department proposes to enhance its pre-arrest diversion program with additional pathways to treatment that include self-referral (Safe Stations), active outreach, naloxone plus (Quick Response Team), and officer prevention and intervention. Grant funds will be used to hire an addiction resource team comprised of an addiction resource officer, community paramedic, and certified peer specialist, as well as an assessment clinician for referred clients, program evaluator, and project coordinator. Additional funds will be used to purchase naloxone for community distribution. The applicant will use overdose detection mapping application program to inform its project activities. The project services residents of Madison and Dane County. Project partners include Public Health Madison and Dane County, Dane County Department of Human Services, Madison Fire Department, and the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute (UW PHI). The project will engage Janae Goodrich of the UW PHI as the research partner.
The Manchester Police Department will enhance the existing Adverse Childhood Experiences Response Team Enhancement (ACERT) Project. The ACERT response team includes a Manchester police officer to provide law enforcement, security, and safety; a crisis services advocate to provide support and explain available victim services; and a community health worker to prevent retraumatization. Plymouth State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. Training in trauma-informed services will also be provided to first responders. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Miami Police Department will implement a diversion program that follows the law enforcement-assisted diversion (LEAD) model. Officers who encounter a subject will have the authority to offer a 12-month treatment program as an alternative to arrest and incarceration. If a person agrees to participate, he or she must sign a legally binding treatment agreement. The Behavioral Science Research Institute will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Minneapolis Health Department will partner with the Hennepin Health, Hennepin County Medical Center, Minneapolis Police Department, Minneapolis Fire Department, Emergency Medical Services, and Serve Minnesota to implement both hospital-based and community-based services to connect individuals at risk for overdose and/or survivors of a nonfatal overdose and their families with substance abuse and behavioral health treatment providers and recovery support. The Minneapolis Health Department Research and Evaluation Team will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The City of New Orleans Health Department will implement the New Orleans Opioid Survival Connection to connect 200 overdose survivors per year to treatment services to reduce the prevalence of opioid misuse in New Orleans. Accidental opioid-related deaths in New Orleans increased dramatically from 2015 to 2016, and Louisiana currently ranks 49th out of 50 states in United Health Care Foundation’s report on state opioid response. The program will work to reduce the negative effects of opioid misuse in the city by implementing an interdisciplinary approach to the problem. The project proposes to immediately provide interventions to overdose survivors in the city's most active emergency departments, connect patients to services, and rigorously follow their cases to ensure a warm handoff to treatment centers. The project also calls for an ongoing research and monitoring program to evaluate program effectiveness. The City of New Orleans Health Department will partner with a local emergency department as well as the Louisiana Public Health Institute as the project’s action researcher.
The City of New Orleans Health Department proposes to use funds to continue a 2017 COAP-funded post-overdose response, Opioid Survival Connection, and conduct community outreach and education. Outreach and education activities include bystander response training and naloxone distribution to EMS and community members. Grant funds will be used to hire two project coordinators and purchase naloxone, training supplies, and a vehicle. Overdose detection mapping application program will also be implemented. Project partners include University Medical Center Emergency Department, New Orleans EMS, New Orleans Public Library, New Orleans Opioid Task Force, US Drug Enforcement Agency Field Office, Mayor’s Office of Community Engagement, Xavier University College of Pharmacy, and community providers.
The Newark Police Division will use grant funds to support a pre-arraignment diversion program in partnership with the Essex County Prosecutor’s Office and Newark Community Solutions. Police officers will be trained to identify signs and symptoms of opioid abuse and dependency and will flag individuals arrested on eligible charges. The Essex County Prosecutor’s Office will determine eligibility and Newark Community Solutions will support participants. Newark Community Solutions will hire a full-time coordinator, full-time case manager, and part-time case manager. The Center for Court Innovation will provide analytic and training support and Rutgers University will serve as the research partner.
Newburyport Police Department (NPD) in Massachusetts, one of the founding departments of the Essex County Outreach Program, proposes to expand the outreach program to encompass all of Essex County. The Essex County Outreach Program is a series of stigma-free entry points to treatment on demand. The program supports nonarrest or early diversion program models that reach people before they enter the criminal justice system. The program supports multiple law enforcement entry points to treatment, including self-referrals to the stations. Cross-sector collaboration and partnerships are key to the program’s success which is supported by clinicians, social workers, recovery coaches, and trained volunteers.
The North Chicago Police Department will establish the New Beginnings Community Resource Center that is accessible 24 hours a day to North Chicago residents (population of 32,574) and the Lake County citizenry (population of 703,520). This community resource center will be staffed by licensed social workers, substance abuse clinicians, and a crime data analyst. The licensed social workers will specialize in the following areas: drug counseling, victim’s assistance, opioid addiction services, nonprofit charities, career training, and immigration support. The resource center will provide information for the following: drug rehabilitation services, fact sheets on opioid addictions, drug use safety, support groups, counseling programs, career training and financial assistance, schedules of public transportation, childcare assistance, and job placement. This community gathering place will also assist victims of domestic violence, violent crimes, and human trafficking and financially needy families. As such, planting a community development center inside of the police department will immediately reduce drug-related crimes within the City of North Chicago.
The City of Santa Fe, New Mexico, through the Santa Fe Fire Department (SFFD), has implemented the Santa Fe Opioid Outreach Project (SFOO) to address increasing opioid overdose rates in the region. The project aims to increase the quality and prevalence of prevention and treatment services and to reduce opioid incidence and fatalities through outreach and response programs; intensive follow-up and case management with overdose survivors and their families to link them with support services and treatment; dissemination of naloxone kits, harm-reduction training, and prevention education; more efficient use of data to identify potential opioid misuse; and increased collaboration across multidisciplinary sectors in the community. The SFOO coordinator and the project paramedic utilize patient care records systems and first responder data to respond to overdoses and to any individual identified as being at risk for opiate overdose; establish personal contact with overdose survivors and their families; and provide resources for a successful intervention. Upon program launch, the New Mexico Department of Health contacted SFOO requesting assistance in opiate outreach to individuals identified through a mandatory reporting requirement of the local emergency room as well as syndromic surveillance. Although the emergency room has struggled with timely and accurate reporting, this partnership allowed SFOO staff members to access more contact information and, we believe, has helped increase SFOO's percentage of successful outreach attempts. Because of the early success of the SFOO project, the Santa Fe County Fire Department (SFCFD) has created a complementary program and has assigned a SFCFD EMT. The department is in the process of contracting a social worker to be co-housed with SFOO staff members to extend SFOO’s reach into Santa Fe County. The City of Santa Fe Police Department has been operating a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion program (second in the nation), and SFFD was asked to take over the case management aspect of the LEAD program. It is projected that this will take place in July 2019. Recently, the Santa Fe County Sheriff’s Office (SFCSO) has expressed interest in providing LEAD referrals to SFFD as well. What started as a single agency project is, with the capacity made possible by DOJ BJA COAP funding, becoming a Regionalized Public Safety Opiate Outreach program.
The purpose of this project in St. Louis, Missouri, is to develop an information sharing ecosystem in order to create a repository for storing and managing anonymized, case-level data from across the enterprise to allow authorized personnel to access aggregated data through specially designed dashboards and analytics tools for tactical and strategic decision making. We will develop the technical and governance infrastructure to securely pass information between criminal justice and public health agencies in a timely, efficient, and accurate manner that conforms to national justice information sharing standards and industry best practices. The goal is to use the summary data to monitor progress on diverting the target population to develop sustainable, community-based prevention initiatives to combat opioid misuse and promote population health. Summary data from an array of data contributors will assist the City to ensure that the practices and policies that are implemented meet the needs of the target population.
The City of St. Louis Circuit Attorney’s Office (CAO) is requesting funding for St. Louis Circuit Attorney Navigation, Diversion, and Opportunity program: a post-arrest diversion program offered on a pre-booking, pre-charge, or pre-plea basis to individuals with low-level drug possession charges—providing them with education, access to treatment and wrap-around case management services as an alternative to incarceration. The program will serve individuals who have committed opioid-related offenses in the City of St. Louis, Missouri, program eligibility will be determined by the location of the offense, not the residency of the participant. Participants will receive treatment, healthcare, housing, and employment services through referral partnerships with Affinia Healthcare, Queen of Peace Center, CareSTL Health, The Missouri Network for Opiate Reform and Recovery, MO Better Living, and the St. Louis Agency on Training and Employment. Additionally, the CAO will work with the St. Louis Director of Public Safety to facilitate the creation of a citation referral system with the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department. Funding will support a full-time project manager, three full-time case managers, half-time administrative staff, emergency financial assistance, and metro tickets to participants. The University of Missouri St. Louis – Missouri Institute of Mental Health (UMSL-MIMH) will serve as the evaluation partner.
The City of Tampa will implement a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion program. Grant funds will be used to hire a Project Coordinator and a Case Manager/Peer Support Specialist, conduct training and outreach, and partner with the University of South Florida to conduct evaluation activities. Training and outreach activities will focus on education around stigma and the science of addiction. Law enforcement and community members will be trained. The applicant proposes to incorporate overdose detection mapping application program into the project. The University of South Florida will serve as the research partner.
Clackamas County Community Corrections will improve the data infrastructure and develop diversion strategies that target incarcerated individuals eligible for early release into treatment, individuals on probation and reentering the community who meet the criteria for medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and supportive housing for justice-involved females to reunify with their children while receiving treatment or for those who are pregnant. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Clare County, Michigan, Prosecuting Attorney’s Office will establish a task force to focus on drug-related problems, to include the opioid epidemic. Representatives from all five of the law enforcement agencies that service Clare County, medical personnel, substance abuse counselors, pharmacists, a representative from probation and parole, and any other professionals who are identified during the implementation will comprise the task force. Federal agencies will also be invited to participate in the task force to participate in investigations that might be more effectively prosecuted at the federal level. The assistant prosecutor in charge of the program will coordinate with the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District.
The Cleveland County Health Department will establish the Points of HOPE (Halting Overdose through Prevention and Education) to expand an outreach program facilitated within the Cleveland County Detention Center to reduce overdoses and establish programs to prevent chronic diseases associated with intravenous drug use. Cleveland County will also develop a multidisciplinary team consisting of the health department, social services, behavioral health providers, school administration, and other providers to review child protection cases involving substance abuse to ensure care and follow-up for children. The team will develop trainings for the community and youth-serving agencies.
The Cobb District Attorney’s Office will create an Opioid Fatality Review Project and provide wraparound services to families that have lost a loved one to an overdose; establish a case manager to provide wraparound services to opioid offenders who do not qualify for one of Cobb’s existing Accountability Courts; and establish an investigator to initiate deep-dive investigations into opioid dealers and distributors. Applied Research Services, Inc. will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) will expand Colorado’s existing innovative, multidisciplinary approach to reduce opioid abuse and overdose by linking prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to key public health and public safety data sets to create a de-identified analytic data file that can be used to identify hot spots throughout the state. Specifically, CDPHE and its partners will achieve the following goals during the three-year project period: (1) enhance public safety/behavioral health/public health treatment partnerships to leverage key data sets to better understand Colorado’s opioid epidemic; (2) increase data-driven responses to Colorado’s opioid epidemic; and (3) assess the impact of the implementation of Colorado Senate Bill 18-022 on PDMP utilization and patient outcomes. The University of Colorado School of Medicine will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Colorado Department of Regulatory Agencies (DORA) will develop clinical decision support tools to facilitate prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) use, automate PDMP screening, integrate clinical characteristics into screening, and add new hospitals and practice settings to increase the generalizability of the findings. Funds will also be used to systematically investigate the impact of mandated PDMP use, automated PDMP screening, and adding high risk clinical features to PDMP screening using clinical decision-making tools to incrementally modify the shared EHR, then measure the effect of each modification in all care settings across 10 hospitals in 2018. As the new improvements are implemented, the impact on PDMP use as well as patient-level outcomes such as high risk prescribing and future opioid use will be measured.
The objective of the initiative is to enhance public safety, behavioral health, and public health by leveraging existing data sets to inform implementation of highly focused opioid interventions. Columbus Public Health will hire a HIDTA/ODMAP data integration project manager and contract with an IT vendor to develop and implement application program interfaces to export real-time, first responder overdose data from the local records management system to ODMAP. The project team will then train local police and fire departments on how to access and analyze countywide HIDTA data. Columbus Public Health will also hire a substance use disorder epidemiologist to combine local public health and social determinant data with HIDTA public safety data. This data set will serve as the foundation for a countywide interactive overdose data tool. Mighty Crow, Inc. will serve as the evaluator for the data integration project.
The Connecticut Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP), in partnership with other state agencies, will merge the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (OCME) and the state forensic laboratory system with the Connecticut Prescription Monitoring and Reporting System (CPMRS) to allow prescribers and pharmacists to identify patients who have died and reduce inappropriate dispensing; create a new module to allow law enforcement users access to both death data and toxicology information within the CPMRS to assist in their investigations; and conduct educational campaigns to introduce these new features and the benefits that would expand the ability of prescribers, pharmacists, and law enforcement to avoid and deter controlled substance misuse or diversion.
The State of Connecticut Department of Consumer Protection, Drug Control Division is upgrading the Connecticut Prescription Monitoring and Reporting System (CPMRS) to the NarxCare Platform, enhancing the administrator portal features to allow prescription monitoring program (PMP) staff members to better assist all user groups, identify and correct problems, and address requests for research data. The division is adding a Mandatory Use Compliance module to produce PMP administrator reports of providers and review histories, and reports for providers of their missed reviews. It is conducting three educational campaigns to introduce the NarxCare platform, new features, and benefits to prescribers, pharmacists, and law enforcement.
Cook County Health and Hospital System (CCHHS) and the Office of the Chief Judge (OCJ) are expanding their efforts to reduce the prevalence of opioid addiction in the Adult Probation Department (APD) in Cook County through Category 3. The goal of the proposed project, Universal Opioid Screening in Adult Probation to Reduce Usage and Overdose, is to engage activities around opioid addiction and facilitate training for probation officers and staff members; interagency partnerships for screening, assessment, and coordination of care of opioid use by probationers; and program evaluation.
Cook County will hire an epidemiologist at the Cook County Medical Examiner’s Office (CCMEO) to assist in fulfilling data requests from partner agencies and performing drug-related statistical analysis pertaining to opioid-related deaths; install progressive updates in the CCMEO’s digital case management system to include additional data that may be pertinent to the collaborating agencies; and quantitate naloxone concentrations in postmortem samples if the drug is present in a decedent’s system. Partnering agencies will include the Cook County Department of Public Health, the Chicago Department of Public Health, the Cook County Health and Hospitals System, and the Chicago High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area.
The Hocking County Sheriff’s Office will hire two Crisis Intervention Team trained substance abuse and mental health deputies to be stationed at the Hocking Valley Community Hospital. These officers will be available in the emergency room to triage individuals who arrive in a substance use-related crisis, as well as respond to crisis calls in the community. Referrals will be made by the officers to community treatment providers. Grant funds will be used to hire these officers as well as a project coordinator. The applicant also plans to implement overdose detection mapping application program. Project partners include the Hocking Valley Community Hospital, Hocking County Juvenile/Probate Court, Hocking County Prosecutor’s Office, and the Alcohol,Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services Board.
The Juneau County Sheriff’s Office proposes a jail-based substance use disorder program in collaboration with the Juneau County Department of Human Services. It will include a coordinator to provide expanded case management services to include screening and assessment; a full-time jail-based therapist to develop treatment plans and provide individual and group therapy, and referral to a community-based MAT program. The Sheriff’s Office intends to contract with a local program evaluator to conduct yearly evaluations to assess the overall implementation and the effectiveness of the program in achieving its stated goals and objectives.
The County of Monmouth, under the auspices of the Monmouth County Sheriff's Office Corrections Division, known as the Monmouth County Correctional institution (MCCI), will expand an existing in-custody medication-assisted treatment (MAT) program and provide cognitive behavioral treatment.
The Page County Sheriff’s Office proposes to develop the Page County Cognitive Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Project that will provide cognitive behavioral treatment for individuals who are involved with the justice system as a result of their opioid use. The project includes a coordinator to manage the operations of a day reporting center where individuals can receive individual or group sessions in person or via teleconferencing. The project will fund equipment for the telehealth component and will serve the county of Page and the towns of Rileyville, Luray, Stanley, and Shenandoah. Project partners include Page County Sheriff’s Office, Page County Jail, Luray Police Department, Stanley Police Department, and the Shenandoah Police Department.
The Rutherford County Sheriff’s Office will provide medication-assisted treatment, cognitive behavioral therapy for incarcerated individuals, and enhanced reentry services to include peer support and community-based opioid use disorder (OUD) outpatient treatment through its federally qualified health center, Blue Ridge Community Health Services. The Sheriff’s Office has partnered with the Rutherford County Department of Social Services to provide the screening, assessment, and therapeutic services during incarceration and will provide Safe Harbor Program follow-up services to individuals with OUD and affected children.
The Savannah Police Department proposes to establish a pre-arrest diversion and behavioral response initiative by providing enhanced crisis intervention team training and offering substance abuse recovery treatment and behavioral health treatment. The applicant will provide data through Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP). David A. Bell, PhD, LLC, an independent evaluator, will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
Cumberland County will expand post-overdose outreach to the entire community, provide linkage to care opportunities for persons experiencing a non-fatal overdose, creating an opioid fatality review, and enhance diversion programs by removing barriers to transitional housing.
Public health – Dayton and Montgomery County will work with county partners and Ascend Innovations to create a more robust multidisciplinary approach to data sharing by incorporating law enforcement data, coroner’s office data, mortality data, crime lab data, criminal justice data, treatment data, hospital emergency department and inpatient encounter data, and naloxone administration data. The data will be used by the county’s Community Overdose Action Team and the Poisoning Death Review Committee to create a comprehensive view of the addicted population in Montgomery County, Ohio, and to assist in developing specific plans for prevention and intervention strategies. Ascend Innovations will also serve as the evaluator on the proposed project.
The DeKalb County Opioid Dependency Diversion Program (ODDP) will increase immediate access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) services. The team, overseen by a full-time ODDP coordinator, will develop services that will include identifying persons with opioid abuse, providing MAT and recovery support services as part of a diversion program in an attempt to divert from harsher sentences, accessing MAT services for persons who have been charged but are awaiting trial, and assisting clients with some type of community supervision to access MAT. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) and the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services (DBHDS) will develop a statewide plan that focuses on cross-system collaboration of criminal justice and behavioral health to engage justice-involved individuals in substance-use treatment and recovery. The plan will identify evidence-based programs and practices to assist localities in engaging and retaining justice-involved individuals with opioid use disorders (OUD) in treatment and recovery services. The plan will also contain strategies to improve statewide coordination and collaboration and increase the use of alternatives to incarceration. Virginia will identify and target high-need localities and jurisdictions across the state to receive funding for services and support. The initiative will be evaluated to determine its impact and identify model programs that can be replicated throughout the state.
The Department of Emergency Services and Public Protection will use the grant funds to implement and populate a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software Uniform Crime Reporting repository with geographic information system (GIS) capabilities. The goal is for federal, state, and local law enforcement to use this system to direct available investigative and patrol resources more efficiently and effectively.
The North Carolina Controlled Substances Reporting System improvement program improves the exchange of information and collection of data on controlled substances II-V among states by increasing the number of prescribers regularly using the prescription drug monitoring program; provide a training program for system users based on their identified needs; produce and disseminate educational materials using online resources and cross-sector expertise; and support collaborations among law enforcement, public health officials, and prosecutors by increasing the system’s ability to respond to sector needs.
Guam’s Department of Public Health and Social Services will enhance and improve data analysis by upgrading to the AWARxE Advanced Prescription Monitoring Program analytics. Guam will also partner with the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to increase the capability of public and private pharmacies to report prescription information to the Guam Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP).
The Dona Ana County Health and Human Services Department will implement a law enforcement assisted diversion program and other activities aimed at reducing opioid use and mitigating the impact on individuals and communities. The project includes a coordinator and case manager as well as services from the National Alliance on Mental Illnesses for peer support and the Las Cruces Police Department for officer training and implementation costs. Naloxone will also be purchased, funds will be used for transitional housing, and trauma-informed training. New Mexico State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The DuPage County Health Department (DCHD) will deliver medication-assisted treatment (MAT) at the DuPage County Jail, implement a data management team to unify disparate data sources related to opioid use in the county; and implement a cross-sector Overdose Fatality Review Team based on the RxStat model. The Illinois Criminal Justice Information Authority will serve as the research partner for this project.
The Dutchess County Department of Behavioral and Community Health will lead an effort to prevent overdose fatalities through timely, comprehensive information sharing within a communitywide collaborative that includes public safety, public and behavioral health, and other vested partners. This will strengthen community capacity to respond to acute overdose-related risks and build a sense of shared efficacy and resiliency in the face of an ongoing, ever-evolving epidemic. These goals will be achieved by applying objective methodology in three areas: (1) transformation of an existing underdeveloped task force into a streamlined, well-equipped, data-driven, opioid response collaborative, (2) enhanced overdose surveillance relating to populations at risk as well as emergent, high-risk substances, and (3) comprehensive capacity building initiatives aimed at integrating harm-reduction principles into existing service delivery models and identifying and addressing disparities in access to behavioral health services.
Plymouth County Outreach (PCO), a police and treatment outreach approach to high-risk individuals, will continue to develop its countywide, multifaceted approach involving law enforcement, hospital, recovery, and local treatment partnerships that conduct post-overdose home follow-up visits to overdose survivors who are not initially admitted to a hospital or treatment services. The local research partner, Kelley Research Associates, created a unique, real-time overdose tracking system that supports the daily overdose response program. The East Bridgewater Police Department will make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians’ Integrated Opioid Abuse Program will develop a task force composed of tribal decision makers who will create policies and keep agencies accountable to indicators of success. A multidisciplinary team will provide direct services to high-frequency drug users and their families. These two teams will work together to develop a plan to create a secured mental health/opioid abuse treatment center and secure transportation for participants becoming certified peer recovery support specialists.
The Erie County Probation Department will implement the Probation Opioid Response Initiative. The focus of this effort will be to expand services to offenders diverted to probation. The program will institute the use of a validated risk assessment tool to identify probationers who are at risk for opiate/opioid overdose and place them on specialized caseloads. Two peer navigators will be assigned to work alongside probation officers. Naloxone will be distributed to probationers on the opioid caseload at assignment and to probationers who overdose within 24–48 hours after notification. Hilbert College will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
In response to the 303 percent increase in synthetic opioid-related deaths from 2014 to 2015, the Erie County Department of Health will increase community access to naloxone and link overdose survivors to treatment. The project aims to more effectively link individuals across the sequential intercept model to care. In cases in which individuals cannot be connected directly to care, they can be linked to local organizations for support. Funds will also be used to create an ongoing systematic geospatial analysis of law enforcement and emergency medical services (EMS) calls for service and the product that caused each overdose. To take advantage of other information systems, the program will leverage data from I-STOP, the state’s prescription drug monitoring program. The program will be led by a multidisciplinary team with representatives from consumer peer groups, EMS, and behavioral health. Researchers from the University of Buffalo will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
Erie County, New York, will establish an opioid mortality review board to inform future public health practice and policy related to primary and secondary prevention of opioid addiction and mortality through action research that operationalizes insight gained from mortality reviews.
Erie County will develop the Drug Overdose Response Team (DORT). DORT will be available 24/7 to respond on scene to calls about drug overdoses whenever first responders are involved, provide short-term case management, and conduct intensive follow up. DORT will serve the geographic area of Erie County with a population just under 75,000. This project includes partnerships with the Erie County Sheriff’s Office and Erie County Prosecutor’s Office.
The Executive Office of the Governor of Delaware - Criminal Justice Council will implement new opioid-intervention programs in five geographically diverse localities: Dover (Kent County), Smyrna (Kent County), Millsboro (Sussex County), Seaford/Laurel (Sussex County), and Georgetown/Lewes/Milton (Sussex County). The project goals are to: (1) increase the number of law enforcement diversion programs; (2) reduce overdose deaths; (3) increase transitional housing availability; and (4) increase services for youth impacted by opioid overdoses. One initiative will involve establishing pre-arrest or post-arrest law enforcement diversion programs (using the Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative [PAARI] model) for individuals who commit low level, nonviolent, drug-related offenses by utilizing community-based substance abuse and behavioral health services. The project will also include identifying cases where youth are impacted by an overdose and providing evidence-based responses, providing transitional or post recovery housing for individuals, and improving the collection/integration of data by purchasing a statewide case management system for law enforcement and Delaware’s Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health.
The Delaware Criminal Justice Council, in partnership with the Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health, will implement the Delaware Smart Criminal Justice and Treatment Change Team to effectively integrate initiatives, processes, and programs into standard treatment policies and practices maximizing efforts. Grant funds will implement programs to effectively integrate initiatives, processes, and programs into standard treatment policies and practices maximizing efforts. Grant funds will be used to implement comprehensive policies and practices identified in the planning phase and outlined in the coordinated state criminal justice and treatment plan. Subgrants will be awarded that assist and provide financial support to units of local government and community services agencies to implement strategies that support treatment and recovery service engagement; increase the use of diversion and alternatives to incarceration; and reduce the incidence of overdose death. The geographic area is the entire state of Delaware.
Fairfax County will develop a Secure Integrated Data approach with engagement by representatives of the Fairfax County health and human services community; public safety, education, legal, and technology representatives of the organizations involved; state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) representatives; and service providers to adopt and promote the information sharing efforts. The team will develop data governance structures to support the policy for data sharing and then develop a data sharing model by using global information sharing standards to share data across various systems. George Mason University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. IJIS Institute will provide technical support for the development of a data governance structure.
Fairfield County, Ohio, will implement the Fairfield County Overdose Response Team (FORT). Strategies include deploying an Overdose Response Team to perform follow-up visits with persons who have had a nonfatal overdose; providing expedited access to treatment, including medication-assisted treatment (MAT), to persons who have had a nonfatal overdose; performing overdose fatality case reviews; connecting people who identify as having a substance use disorder with available treatment and recovery options outside of the criminal justice system; and tracking every overdose in real-time using the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP). Miami University in Oxford, Ohio, will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Florida Department of Health will enhance the Florida Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) system, known as E-FORCSE (Electronic-Florida Online Reporting of Controlled Substance Evaluation Program), by employing an epidemiologist to provide data analysis to inform and guide health-care practitioners and policymakers and expanding existing outreach and education. E-FORCSE will also fund integration of PDMP information into clinical workflow by providing mini-grants to small physician practices and independent pharmacies.
The Florida Office of the State Courts Administrator proposes that five established family dependency drug courts increase the number of families they serve and it proposes to institute/enhance peer-support programs; incorporate medication-assisted treatment; establish substance use disorder prevention programs for the children whose parents are participants in family dependency drug court; execute evidence-based, parent-child relationship-strengthening programs; strengthen peer-to-peer collaboration among sites with an annual all-sites meeting and cross-site visits; and increase training and technical assistance regarding substance use disorder and opioid use disorder. This project serves family dependency drug courts in Broward, Palm Beach, Orange, Marion, and Citrus counties. Dr. Barbara Andraka-Christou and her team from the University of Central Florida will serve as the evaluator for this project.
The Franklin County Pathways to Healthy Living Program will offer services to individuals booked into the Franklin County Correctional Center and in active withdrawal to include screening, cognitive behavioral treatment, medication-assisted treatment (MAT), and linkage to peer support. Participants will be linked with a team pre- and post-release to ensure continuity of care. Funding will support implementation of You’re Extra Special (YES) for children aged 7 to 14 with a parent diagnosed with addiction.
Between 2003 and 2015, Franklin County experienced a 343 percent increase in residents dying from drug-related overdoses. To combat what the DEA has referred to as “Ground Zero” of the opiate and carfentanil crisis, the government of Franklin County, Ohio, will implement the Diversion Alternative–Project Opioid (DA–PO) program, a comprehensive and multifaceted approach to reducing the impact of the opioid crisis. Expanding treatment and support services and reducing the number of overdoses and fatalities are the project’s main goals. In addition, the DA–PO program calls for planning and implementation of a Community Mayor's Drug Court, the launch of a robust harm-reduction campaign that will include hosting town hall meetings, distributing naloxone kits to families of overdose survivors, and distributing fentanyl test strips to those in active addiction. Mighty Crow Media will partner with Franklin County as the project’s researcher.
The Franklin County Municipal Court will enhance and evaluate the MAT + Link opioid intervention. Through MAT + Link, offenders struggling with opioid addiction have access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in jail or immediately upon release through court-based services. There will be a MAT + Link project manager, and a full-time case manager will serve as coordinator. Pretrial and Probation Services will partner with an external evaluator to track the impact of MAT + Link on treatment adherence and recidivism.
The Georgia Bureau of Investigation (GBI) will use the grant funds to update its in-house case management system, Justice Information Management Network (JIMNet). The goal is to increase technology to identify and impact crime trends in Georgia.
Maryland’s “Regrounding Our Response: A Coordinated Public Safety and Public Health Approach to the Opioid Epidemic” initiative will establish six new law enforcement assisted diverson (LEAD) sites (St. Mary’s County, Columbia in Howard County, Westminster in Carroll County, Annapolis City in Anne Arundel County, Hagerstown in Washington County, and Cumberland in Allegany County), support three existing LEAD sites (Belair in Harford County, Wicomico County, and Baltimore City), and support detention-based interventions in partnership with the Office of the Public Defender in five of the nine sites. The objectives include: (1) reduce recidivism in LEAD participants; (2) reduce calls for service for drug-related activity in the target areas; (3) reduce criminal justice costs incurred by LEAD participants; and (4) improve police understanding of and response to issues related to addiction and mental health disorders. The Maryland Statistical Analysis Center will support the research, performance management, and evaluation of all the selected sites.
The Guernsey County Sheriff’s Office will increase support services for those impacted by addiction. The key component of the proposal is the implementation of a diversion program with an evidence-based curriculum at the Justice Center. Funds were also requested to purchase and install equipment to increase the safety and security of inmates in the county jail by improving the intake process at the jail.
The Hamilton County Heroin Coalition (HCHC) will implement a pilot pre-arrest diversion program, using the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model, in the City of Cincinnati, for individuals who commit low-level, nonviolent offenses. HCHC will divert these individuals to community-based substance abuse and behavior health services. The University of Cincinnati’s School of Criminal Justice will serve as the research partner on the proposed project.
The Hamilton County Heroin Coalition (HCHC)—a multidisciplinary team composed of public health officials, law enforcement, first responders, hospitals, elected officials, prevention experts, and others—seeks federal funds to respond to the opioid crisis in Cincinnati, Ohio. Between August and October 2016, Hamilton County saw a surge in overdoses, with 1,461 emergency room overdose visits and 1,685 calls to 9-1-1 due to overdoses. In response, the team hired an HCHC coordinator and a researcher to manage the group’s response to opioid misuse. This project is the expansion of the Quick Response Team model implemented across the county and provides an evaluation to determine the QRT model’s effectiveness. The University of Cincinnati’s Institute of Crime Sciences will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Hamilton County, Indiana, Council on Alcohol and Other Drugs will implement an initiative known as the Community Opioid Prevention Effort (COPE). COPE will follow the Quick Response Team (QRT) diversion model, which will provide immediate intervention at on-scene overdoses, conduct visits to survivors of nonfatal overdoses, and provide recovery support and other community resources to individuals and their families. Treatment providers and recovery coaches will develop and implement strategies to identify and provide treatment and recovery support services. COPE will also encourage cross-system planning and collaboration among community officials, law enforcement, pre-trial services, the courts, probation, health-care providers, public health providers, emergency medical services, and substance abuse treatment providers.
The Hancock County Alcohol, Drug Addiction, and Mental Health Services Board will expand upon the county’s current Quick Response Team efforts by developing a law enforcement assisted diversion program, coordinating local efforts with the ohio high intensity drug trafficking areas, and conducting an evaluation. The applicant will explore the use of overdose dectection mapping application program. Brandeis University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Harris County Community Supervision and Corrections Department will develop protocols for diverting appropriate individuals to treatment assessments and community-based care; develop protocols for smoothing the transition between in-custody medication-assisted treatment (MAT] to community supervision and continued treatment for those exiting to probation; and link opioid-abusing individuals with recovery coaches to support recovery efforts, reduce barriers, and improve community engagement.
The Marion County Public Health Department will expand the Indianapolis Harm Reduction Team (IHART) Program to employ two full-time peer support specialists, who will facilitate access to treatment, health-care resources, and community-based services. IHART will hire a full-time project coordinator to oversee the operation and serve as a liaison with the criminal justice and public health systems, mental health and substance abuse treatment providers, and other government and community-based entities. Indiana University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County will tackle opioid misuse in Indianapolis, Indiana, by increasing community access to naloxone and connecting high-risk, opioid-misusing patients to undergo treatment for substance misuse. The project, dubbed Project POINT (Planned Outreach, Intervention, Naloxone, and Treatment), is a comprehensive response to Indiana’s opioid crisis. The project is operated by the Health and Hospital Corporation of Marion County, with close collaboration from the Indianapolis Metropolitan Police Department (IMPD) and the City of Indianapolis Office of Public Health and Safety. An additional project goal is to work with the Center for Criminal Justice Research to integrate data among local law enforcement, public safety, treatment, and public health agencies. The Indiana University Center for Criminal Justice Research will serve as the action research partner.
The Hocking County Prosecutor’s Office, in collaboration with the Hocking County Sheriff’s Office, local treatment providers, and the Hocking County Health Department, will expand law enforcement and victim service partnerships by helping to identify high-frequency users who may have a history of opioid abuse in order to make recommendations to the Hocking Overdose Partnership Endeavor (HOPE). Funds will be used to expand the victim services component by adding a child case worker, whose responsibility will be to assist child victims who have experienced trauma in getting the treatment they need.
The Hocking County Prosecutor’s Office, in collaboration with the Hocking County Sheriff’s Office, local treatment providers, and the Hocking County Health Department, has expanded an administrator role for the Hocking Overdose Partnership Endeavor (HOPE). HOPE is a coordinated, multi-disciplinary intervention and risk-reduction response team that is dedicated to connecting individuals who are at risk for overdose and/or survivors of a non-fatal overdose and their families with substance abuse and behavioral health treatment providers or peer recovery supports. HOPE consists of law enforcement, other first responders, treatment providers, child welfare providers, public health providers, and the prosecutor’s office. The applicant agreed to make data available through Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Hoopa Valley Tribe will deliver customized interventions through the criminal justice system of Humboldt County and the Hoopa Valley Tribal Court. Among this project's deliverables are a full community needs assessment, an opioid diversion work plan, the implementation of data tracking systems across multiple domains, and broadened awareness of best practices for both county and tribal partners. The proposed project will be one of the first cross-jurisdictional diversion programs in Indian Country specifically designed to meet the opioid epidemic.
Hudson County will use grant funds to hire a peer recovery navigator and expand recovery wrap-around services for individuals and families in need including primary health services, transportation assistance, and mental health and addiction treatment services. The Rutgers Center for State Public Health Policy will serve as the evaluator for this project.
The Hyde County Health Department will implement a Regional Peer Support Service Project to increase the number of certified peer support specialists; increase the number of peer-run support groups; and increase referrals to prevention, treatment, and recovery services. The project serves the counties of Hyde, Beaufort, Martin, Tyrrell, and Washington with a combined population of over 91,000. The Beaufort County Health Department and the Martin-Tyrrell-Washington Health District will be directly involved in this project’s implementation.
The Idaho Department of Health and Welfare (IDHW) will build a sustainable data infrastructure to ensure timely collection, analysis, and dissemination of opioid data. In addition, an action researcher will establish a suspected drug-induced death mortality review team. The data will be shared with Idaho’s strategic planning workgroup and other stakeholders. To address vulnerable populations, IDHW will work with the Idaho Office of Drug Policy to distribute naloxone in communities across Idaho. To educate prescribers in rural Idaho on substance abuse treatment and safe prescribing, IDHW will work with the University of Idaho to extend its Project ECHO program, an evidence-based, technology-enabled collaborative learning model that builds a clinician’s knowledge and ability to treat complex conditions. To evaluate Idaho’s efforts in educating prescribers on safe prescribing and prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) utilization, IDHW will contract with a third-party evaluator.
The Idaho State Board of Pharmacy will support the proactive use of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) by providing practitioners with one-click, in-workflow access to patient information by enhancing Idaho’s Prescription Monitoring Program AWARxE with the NarxCare Enterprise platform and funding implementation fees and Gateway licenses for up to 30 prescribers or dispensers. Idaho will expand the prescriber reports to state-to-state comparison and compare the prescribing habits of a health-care specialty among states. The Board will comply with BJA data sharing requirements by implementing RxCheck.
The Illinois Department of Human Services will, in collaboration with the University of Illinois at Chicago, develop a comprehensive training program that will provide academic detailing, automated connection education, and prescription monitoring program (PMP) website usage education. Working with its vendor, Logicoy, Inc., the grantee will help the Illinois PMP connect to 78 hospital, clinic, or pharmacy electronic health record (EHR) systems, thus reducing the access time from minutes to seconds, which is critical during trauma situations. Finally, in collaboration with the Illinois Department of Public Health, the PMP will expand the unsolicited alert system by increasing the types of alerts sent to hospitals and medical providers.
The Illinois 2019 Prescription Monitoring Program Enhancement Project will improve website usability by enhancing the features and analytics of the prescription monitoring program (PMP), expanding the quality of the PMP data, and providing a platform to improve prescriber communications. To increase the value of the PMP system, staff will provide interstate data sharing through the RxCheck hub, provide more comprehensive patient profiles, provide clinical decision support tools, collect and display previous diagnosis information, and collect and display pain agreements.
The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) intends to use the grant funds to bring together multidisciplinary partners in a workgroup, which will then build a centralized repository of cross-sector data, provide enhanced data analyses with data dashboard outputs based on stakeholder needs, and evaluate best practices for data dissemination into the communities. This project will leverage key data sets to create a holistic view of the Illinois environment to facilitate targeted interventions and will identify best practices for information sharing. The workgroup will report data and seek input from the Illinois Opioid Crisis Response Advisory Council, which is led by the Illinois Department of Human Services. The opioid-related data available for this project include IDPH data on overdose deaths, hospitalizations, emergency department visits, emergency transport naloxone administration, neonatal abstinence syndrome, and viral hepatitis statewide case reporting data.
INSPECT is Indiana’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) administered by the Indiana Board of Pharmacy. The Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI) will partner with the Indiana Professional Licensing Agency (IPLA), which oversees INSPECT’s day-to-day operation, and the Indiana Department of Mental Health and Addiction to enhance INSPECT by providing better training resources, better access to INSPECT for some rural dispensers, and production and dissemination of educational materials mainly about new INSPECT integration software. The project will include online tutorials, webinars, improved access for rural pharmacies, and a multimedia campaign to spread awareness. IPLA and INSPECT staff members will gather and report data performance measurements from the INSPECT database.
The Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI) and the Indiana Division of Mental Health and Addiction (DMHA) will implement a program that will provide tablets to individuals in three pilot sites with the end goal of allowing for remote monitoring of medications and sobriety by Fayette County Community Corrections. The project, titled “Technology-assisted Treatment Expansion in Fayette County,” will operate in three pilot sites: the Fayette County Sheriff's Department, Fayette County Community Corrections, and the House of Ruth. The pilot sites will be provided with tablets and the associated software. Upon release, eligible participants will be provided with wireless communication devices to allow remote monitoring of medications and sobriety. ICJI and DMHA will collaborate with Indiana University and two local service providers.
Tippecanoe County will establish a pre-trial assessment model that will ensure that all individuals incarcerated in the Tippecanoe County Jail have a professional addictions and mental health assessment performed within 48 hours of initial intake, provide programming within the Tippecanoe County Jail, and provide intensive case management services to targeted individuals released from the Tippecanoe County Jail.
The Indiana Family and Social Service Administration, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, through the Integrated Response Project (IRP), will ensure that Marion County inmates with an opioid abuse diagnosis or a history of opioid overuse are connected with and engaged in treatment and recovery services upon their release and will enhance the provision of additional law enforcement pre-arrest diversion beds and linkage to services.
The Indiana Division of Mental Health and Addiction, in partnership with the Indiana Criminal Justice Institute (ICJI), Choices Coordinated Care Solutions (Choices), Centerstone, Relias Analytics, and the Indiana University Center for Collaborative Systems Change, seeks to address the treatment needs of justice-involved individuals of southern Indiana in seven rural counties. The project will use mobile technology hardware, software, internet connectivity, and Web-based services, along with other available resources, to assess participants in drug courts as well as individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) to gain access to services and provide treatment when necessary as a diversion from charges.
The Indiana State Department of Health (ISDH) will increase the timeliness and robustness of fatal drug overdose reporting. This will be accomplished by funding comprehensive toxicology testing for suspected cases of drug overdose deaths across Indiana. ISDH will also obtain more comprehensive demographic data of persons who have suffered fatal drug overdoses. By providing mini-grants to overcome barriers associated with using ISDH’s coroner case management system, coroners will be encouraged to utilize this system and thus provide more comprehensive demographic data on fatal overdoses. ISDH will link toxicology results with existing demographic information regarding the deceased persons and disperse aggregated data to the opioid data working group. ISDH will also develop an innovative pilot project that will involve the enhanced toxicology testing of leftover clinical samples (blood and/or urine) from patients who are treated in a hospital following a suspected drug overdose event. Such testing will provide more robust public health information including situational awareness of illicit and licit drug use that results in drug overdose events. It will also allow local and state officials to track drugs circulating in Indiana as well as identify novel substances in its communities. Finally, ISDH will utilize the data collected by the toxicology testing from both fatal and nonfatal drug overdoses to inform targeted interventions. Indiana University–Purdue University will serve as the researcher for the proposed project.
The Iowa Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy will facilitate the collation and dissemination of data from multiple sectors into a statewide opioid dashboard, the Iowa Opioid Data Exchange (IODE). The Division of Intelligence and Fusion Center will be the lead implementation agency for this project. Key partners include state agencies and other organizations with primary responsibility for administration of data, which are central to the success of this project. These partners include the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy, Department of Public Health, Iowa Board of Pharmacy (Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [PDMP]), Iowa Office of State Medical Examiner, Division of Intelligence/State Fusion Center (in coordination with the Midwest High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas [HIDTA]), State Crime Laboratory, Iowa Emergency Medical Services Bureau, Iowa Poison Control Center, and Iowa Division of Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning. The multidisciplinary dashboard will provide a holistic and timely opioid-related surveillance report from a variety of public health and public safety data sets. IODE aims to improve the connectivity, cohesiveness, timeliness, and overall effectiveness of opioid-related surveillance data collection, analysis, and sharing to enhance the health and public safety response in rural communities and larger cities across Iowa.
The Iowa Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy will: • Reduce substance abuse and criminal involvement involving nonviolent individuals by implementing or expanding pre-/post-arrest diversion to treatment in Black Hawk, Story, and Jones Counties. • Expand citizen access to medication disposal in 25 new sites in underserved areas of the state. The Criminal and Juvenile Justice Planning Agency, Iowa’s Statistical Analysis Center, will serve as the evaluator for the project.
Itasca County in Minnesota proposes to embed substance abuse clinicians in local law enforcement agencies to improve their responses to individuals in need of support and treatment; establish an interagency taskforce; and provide specialized training to first responders. First Call for Help of Itasca county will hire a half-time coordinator and 2.5 full-time recovery support specialists (embedded in law enforcement) to expand recovery services. Also, overdose detection mapping application program (ODMAP) will be incorporated.
The Jefferson County Board of Health will create the Recovery Resource Center Peer Navigation Initiative (RPC-PNI). The project's overarching goal is a 30 percent reduction in opioid overdose deaths in Jefferson County. In 2014, Jefferson County reported a 140 percent spike in heroin deaths, and from 2013 to 2016, it underwent a 340 percent increase in fentanyl deaths. The program will provide a peer navigator to connect 600 individuals to treatment services immediately after a nonfatal overdose or to identify a need for treatment services absent an overdose. RPC-PNI will also convene a multidisciplinary oversight team to develop effective strategies and provide overdose prevention education to 750 individuals in the community. The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Department of Emergency Medicine will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Jefferson County Commission will implement the Jefferson County Forensic Care Management Team, which will be colocated at the Jefferson County Jail. The project will expand the availability of peer recovery support services, both pre- and post-release. The University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Psychiatry will serve as the research partner for this project.
The Kansas Board of Pharmacy, the administrator of the Kansas Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (K-TRACS) will implement a public awareness campaign for K-TRACS; conduct an audit of K-TRACS records and recommend corrective action, remedial measures, and policies; and hire a special investigator to define and develop the criteria to expand the analysis of K-TRACS data by identifying individuals with questionable behaviors, suspicious prescribing patterns, or harmful practices.
The Kansas State Board of Pharmacy will improve the existing Kansas Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) by adding a prescriber report/score card. The report will show the statistics of a practitioner’s prescribing behavior along with his or her PDMP usage rates. The goal is to improve prescribers’ knowledge of their own practices (historic and current) and provide peer-to-peer comparisons for Kansans prescribing controlled substances, ultimately leading to increased patient care and public safety. Data related to the implementation of the PDMP will be collected and completed by APPRISS Health.
The Kenosha County Opioid Overdose Reduction Project was created in response to the high nonfatal overdose and opioid-related death rates in the community. The project utilizes state-certified peer support specialists to link overdose survivors and their families with treatment and support services. Local hospitals and the EMS community are partners in the effort to establish contact shortly after the initial overdose. The Kenosha County Opioid Overdose Task Force was formed in 2017 to promote awareness and education regarding opioid-related substance use disorders, overdose prevention, and harm reduction and to facilitate partnerships among member agencies - including EMS, hospitals, treatment providers, the recovery community, county government, the district attorney's office, probation and parole, the health department, the medical examiner's office, and law enforcement.
The Kenton County Detention Center will reduce the prevalence of opioid abuse in Covington, Kentucky. In 2015, northern Kentucky lost nearly five times more residents to drug overdoses than to car accidents. This project proposes to address the issue by implementing the Kentucky Overdose Prevention and Education Project (KOPE), which has three main goals: to conduct an analysis of the severity of the opioid crisis; develop a multidisciplinary approach to address the needs of overdose survivors; and incentivize, propagate, and support pre-arrest diversion and naloxone distribution programs in the targeted region. This proposal will support naloxone distribution programs in the region. The Kenton County Detention Center will collaborate with local police departments and health-care and rehabilitation providers. Northern Kentucky University will serve as an action research partner.
The Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services will implement several enhancements to Kentucky’s Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP), KASPER. Funding will be used to implement a KASPER Direct Messaging system component to support communications and alerts among KASPER users; analyze and develop algorithms and techniques to increase the effectiveness of interstate data-sharing systems; and increase utilization of KASPER data for studies and research focusing on reducing controlled substance abuse and overdose risk factors.
The Kentucky Cabinet for Health and Family Services will use grant funding to engage one full-time grant law enforcement liaison, and one full-time grant criminal epidemiologist who will play key roles in supporting law enforcement requests for prescription drug monitoring program data and assistance. The grant law enforcement liaison will work closely with the five pharmacist consultants already employed by Kentucky All Schedule Prescription Electronic Reporting to provide valuable knowledge regarding criminal investigations and prosecutions of offenders violating state and federal controlled substance laws.
The proposed project, Kentucky Comprehensive Advocacy and Resource Efforts (K-CARE), will help to ensure that individuals negatively impacted by opioids are provided with support in the form of a community resource coordinator (CRC). K-CARE will hire one CRC to serve at each of the 16 Kentucky State Police (KSP) posts and a program administrator who will be located at KSP Headquarters. The program administrator will monitor the program, serve as a resource for CRCs throughout the state, and report outcome information. Each CRC will collaborate with law enforcement officers at their assigned posts to identify individuals in need of services. K-CARE CRCs will participate in the KSP Angel Initiative, a statewide program that allows a person experiencing substance abuse to voluntarily present him or herself at any KSP post to request help. K-CARE CRCs will serve as a vital referral source for the constellation of needs that are likely to present, including linking victims with available services for interpersonal violence such as domestic violence shelters, child advocacy centers, and protective services. Likewise, K-CARE CRCs will help individuals in need to secure access to necessary health care services, transportation, employment assistance, job training, vocational rehabilitation programs, and independent/transitional housing options in their communities. KSP utilizes overdose detection mapping application program as well as an electronic reporting form within the state’s law enforcement operations system that tracks Naloxone administrations by law enforcement personnel throughout the state. Currently, there are efforts being made to link the systems so information will be fed electronically into the ODMAP system. The Kentucky Criminal Justice Statistical Analysis Center will serve as the research partner on this project.
The Lackawanna County District Attorney’s Office will establish a local, multiagency overdose fatality review team; conduct an extensive needs assessment; develop an action plan to guide policies, programs, and laws to prevent overdose deaths; establish a database within Lackawanna County that promotes data sharing and collaboration among local stakeholders to identify at-risk populations; and allow for more targeted programs to reduce overdose fatalities. A large-scale evaluation will be conducted of all the program goals and deliverables to promote sustainability and replication to other areas of need. The University of Pittsburgh, Program Evaluation and Research Unit will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
Lake County Health Department and Community Health Center will expand the A Way Out program, which was launched in 2016. The program will add a crisis counselor to provide linkages to treatment, a navigator to provide case management and recovery support for participants, and a project coordinator. The research partners will be Dr. David Kosson, Dr. Kimberly Elliot, and Peter Corcoran from the Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
Lancaster County, South Carolina, will implement a pre-arrest diversion program based on the Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model. A research partner will be selected at the time of the award. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Circuit Court of LaPorte, Indiana, will develop a family recovery court (FRC) to provide a holistic approach to families of children in need of services (CHINS) with co-occurring substance abuse problems. CHINS cases are filed by the state against parents who are neglecting or abusing their children. Project partners include Choices! Counseling Services, Swanson Center, Department of Child Services, and the Public Defender’s offices. Dr. Roy Fowles from Purdue University Northwest will serve as the researcher.
The Lexington–Fayette Urban County Government will create the Lexington Overdose Outreach Project (LOOP). LOOP will consist of a multidisciplinary response team of law enforcement, fire and emergency services, treatment providers, recovery advocates, and other community partners. The Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center at the University of Kentucky will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Logan County Commission, in partnership with the Southwestern Regional Day Report Center in Logan, West Virginia, will implement the Fresh Start program, which will facilitate access to treatment services to overdose survivors. West Virginia has the highest drug overdose death rate in the nation. Overdoses attributed to prescription drug overdoses are especially prevalent in the southernmost counties of West Virginia, including Logan County. At the center of the program will be agricultural and artisan programming, which aims to reconnect clients with their communities. The program will offer community mentoring, interagency teamwork, life-based skills development sessions, craftsmanship, artisanship, and credit attainment through the local community college. Another key component of the program is the creation of the Logan County Health Department Satellite site, to provide increased access to basic health-care services. Marshall University will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Los Angeles Department of Health Services proposes to implement a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program in the geographic area of East Los Angeles. Grant funds will be used to hire staff of the LEAD program including an attorney, sheriff’s deputies, and a Project Coordinator. Funds will also be used to secure reentry case management, transitional housing services, and purchase naloxone for distribution. Project partners include the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department, Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office, and community-based organizations. The applicant will engage Ricky Bluthenthal of the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California as the research partner.
The LEAD Hollywood pilot program is a community-based pre-booking diversion program that aims to reduce the number of people who use opioids reentering the criminal justice system, reduce deaths from opioid overdose, and improve the health and safety of communities and individuals in Hollywood impacted by opioid use. This will be accomplished by identifying 100 homeless individuals with histories of criminal justice system involvement and opioid use and providing them with harm-reduction services in lieu of arrest and prosecution for low-level drug and prostitution-related offenses. LEAD Hollywood will serve the neighborhood of Hollywood in Los Angeles, California.
The Louisiana Department of Health’s (LDH) Office of Behavioral Health plans to implement the Louisiana Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Program (LaCOAP), a program that aims to reduce the number of opioid-related overdoses and overdose deaths among offenders. The program will develop a multiagency planning team to develop a plan to address opioid use disorders in offenders. This multidisciplinary approach includes a large number of community partners, including the Louisiana Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice, LDH’s Office of Public Health/Bureau of Health Informatics, the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections, and the New Orleans Division of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Other partners include the New Orleans Sheriff’s Department and the local governing entities that provide behavioral health services in three of the targeted parishes, to include Metropolitan Human Services District, Capital Area Human Services District, and the Florida Parishes Human Services Authority.
The Louisiana Department of Health, Office of Behavioral Health will support access to, and engagement in, treatment and recovery support services for offenders with opioid abuse in Orleans and East Baton Rouge Parishes jails, as well as increased use of diversion in Orleans, Jefferson, and St. Tammany Parishes. This will be accomplished by providing support for peer support specialists and treatment staff members at the Day Reporting Center in New Orleans, which serves both Orleans and Jefferson Parishes, and at the St. Tammany Parish Jail to enable those with opioid use disorders to be assessed and referred to a specialty court.
The Louisiana Office of Behavioral Health is partnering with the Louisiana Commission on Law Enforcement and Administration of Criminal Justice to expand the Louisiana Opioid Surveillance System to include nonhealth data sources, which will be built by third-party contractor GCR, Inc. The goals are to enhance surveillance of the opioid abuse continuum from pre- and post-legislative impacts and relationships between parolees, etc., to support data-driven methods for cross-system planning and collaboration, and to engage a stakeholder group to develop best practices for data sharing efforts. A multidisciplinary action group will be formed to develop targeted interventions in select areas. Brandeis University will assist in the evaluation of longitudinal data related to the PMP.
The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections proposes to provide a comprehensive plan to develop and implement a medically managed opiate withdrawal program for offenders with opiate use disorders entering Bayou Dorcheat Correctional Center (BDCC). The program will provide assessment and medication-assisted therapy (MAT) with buprenorphine; provide pre- and post-release MAT in the form of oral naltrexone and/or the extended-release naltrexone injection for opioid use disorder (OUD) offenders; provide pre-and post-release intensive substance abuse treatment, employing a comprehensive case plan and discharge plan; and provide pre- and post-release peer recovery support services. Partners include: Probation and Parole, Louisiana Department of Health’s Office of Behavioral Health, Northwest Louisiana Human Service District, and Ascent Powered by Sober Grid.
The Louisville Jefferson County Metro Government will implement the Louisville Metro Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) Pilot. Project goals include reducing recidivism, improving public safety, and ensuring the health of offenders who consume opioids. Police officers will exercise discretionary authority to divert 50 individuals with opioid-related substance abuse disorders from police beats in the Russell and Portland neighborhoods into a community-based harm-reduction intervention. An interdisciplinary advisory council will provide administrative oversight for the project. A research team from the University of Louisville–Commonwealth Institute of Kentucky will evaluate project progress, specifically examining neighborhood-level arrests and individual substance use treatment utilization.
Multiple departments within the Makah Tribal Organization have developed the concept of a “Healing Together House” (HTH). The HTH project will support a Law Enforcement-Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program as an alternative to the judicial system, addressing those who cycle in and out of the system with no resolution to their underlying needs. The project will develop a drop-in house to provide services such as a 24-hour safe place, recovery coaching, and a space to share meals with and provide education to a community.
Marion County will expand its pilot diversion program in Salem, Oregon. This project will be based on the Law Enforcement-Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model.
Marion County will expand its Law Enforcement-Assisted Diversion (LEAD) initiative in targeted neighborhoods in Salem, Oregon. The Oregon Criminal Justice Commission will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Maryland Department of Health will develop a multidisciplinary data-governing framework and will partner with the Chesapeake Regional Information System for our Patients (CRISP) for data linking and for the establishment of a data warehouse. The data-governing framework will inform the design of a data warehouse to more efficiently utilize state resources while enabling secure access to drug-involved data. The data-governing framework and warehouse infrastructure will work in concert to produce key, data-driven, actionable recommendations guiding the state’s opioid response and enhance public safety, public health, and behavioral health partnerships and program evaluations.
From 2009 to 2014, deaths related to heroin have doubled in Mason County, Washington; the county had the fourth-highest rate of death (2011–2013) attributed to opiates, with a rate of more than 14.1 per 100,000 compared with the state rate of 8.6 per 100,000. This project includes a public education campaign, a prescription drug take-back component, and naloxone distribution as well as a comprehensive look at Mason County’s treatment and recovery system. Project goals include reducing the number of opioid-related deaths, increasing the number of opioid users who own naloxone take-home kits, developing a local recovery and treatment services network. and improving public awareness about the dangers of opioids and about local treatment and recovery support services.
The Trial Court of Massachusetts, on behalf of six states (Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont), will establish a New England Regional Judicial Opioid Initiative (RJOI). This project will support comprehensive cross-system planning and collaboration among officials who work in multiple justice and justice related settings while staying focused on the judiciary and judiciary stakeholders (e.g. law enforcement, pre-trial services, the courts, probation and parole, child welfare, reentry, prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), and emergency medical services, as well as health-care providers, public health partners, and agencies that provide substance use disorder treatment and recovery support services). The New England RJOI will also develop and enhance public safety, behavioral health, and public health information-sharing partnerships that leverage key public health and public safety data sets and implement interventions based on this information. The project will have a researcher and is presently completing contract negotiations for these services.
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health will enhance its Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) to accomplish three goals: (1) develop enhancements to the online Massachusetts Prescription Awareness Tool (MassPAT); (2) improve the quality of prescription information by flagging non- or intermittently reporting pharmacies and by reaching out to pharmacies that have high error submission rates; and (3) analyze and report out on trends in stimulant prescribing. The Department of Public Health will accomplish these goals by evaluating and/or reporting the impact of MassPAT enhancements funded by COAP funding, monitoring the frequency of pharmacies not reporting to the Massachusetts PMP and evaluating the efficacy of pharmacy outreach to correct error submissions, and reporting out on trends on stimulant prescribing.
Mecklenburg County Criminal Justice Services will implement the Mecklenburg Opioid Systemic Response Plan, a diversionary program aimed at offenders who are opioid abusers in the community. The project will initially focus on information gathering to create a comprehensive cross-system response plan to the opioid crisis. This information will help apply the Sequential Intercept Model to Mecklenburg County. Mecklenburg County Criminal Justice Services will then enhance services at intercept point 3 (jail/courts) and point 5 (community corrections), respectively, for the target population. The University of North Carolina–Charlotte’s School of Social Work will serve as the project’s research partner.
The Cheyenne Regional Medical Center proposes a pre-arrest law enforcement assisted diversion program (LEAD) program. The project will include a part-time coordinator and a full-time case manager who will hold primary responsibility for planning and implementation of LEAD and client case management. Project partners include Laramie County, Cheyenne Police Department, Laramie County Sheriff’s Office, Cheyenne Municipal Court, and treatment providers.
The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin will develop a Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI) model of law enforcement diversion to reduce opioid abuse and the number of overdose fatalities. Grant funds will be used to support a program coordinator, who will assist in implementing the program; a clinical therapist; and three peer support specialists. The applicant agreed to make data available through the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin will mitigate the impact of opioid abuse on crime victims within the Menominee tribal jurisdiction by hiring two full-time crisis response case managers at Tribal Social Services to work with first responders, the Clinic of Behavioral Health, and the Child Protection Team when children are present at the scene of an overdose or are impacted by familial substance abuse. The grant funds will also be used to support a program coordinator who will assist in implementing the program, a clinical therapist, and a family preservation worker.
In accordance with Puerto Rico Bill 70-2017, the Mental Health and Anti-Addiction Services Administration (MHAASA) established the Puerto Rico Prescription Drug Monitoring Program. The PDMP, which started on May 23, 2018, currently has 2,304 users. More than 1,100 pharmacies are entering information into the system at least every 48 hours. The PDMP provides information about dispensed drugs on schedules 2 to 5.
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) will form a multidisciplinary team (MDT) of personnel from various community partners in an effort to work collaboratively and share data related to opioid abuse. Five Michigan counties will receive contracted substance abuse services to use during Child Protective Services (CPS) investigations, CPS open cases, and foster care cases. These services will be provided to rural counties that currently do not have access to the resources. MDHHS will provide at least ten “Connection between Trauma, Substance Abuse, and Mental Health” training sessions conducted by Dr. Stephanie Covington and her staff regarding the link between trauma and substance use. This statewide training will be available for all child welfare staff members. Finally, an online training will be developed to ensure that mandated reporters across Michigan have a robust understanding of their reporting requirements. Certification for the training will be provided. The University of Michigan will act as the action researcher to determine whether any changes to policy and child welfare practices would be beneficial.
The Michigan State Police, in partnership with the University of Michigan, will develop and pilot Community Overdose Assessment Teams (COATs) in up to three counties. The purpose of a COAT will be to review each overdose to identify causes and incidences of opioid overdose deaths within the selected sites, identify risk factors and gaps in the systems, develop recommendations to agencies of each local COAT to prevent future deaths, and provide recommendations to the state on how to address the epidemic, such as changes to laws or regulations.
COAP supports the Middle District Attorney’s Office in implementing the Worcester County Drug Diversion Initiative. Clinicians from AdCare Hospital assist law enforcement and prosecutors in identifying and screening individuals who may be appropriate for diversion to substance abuse treatment programs. This program is currently operating out of two locations – Leominster and Gardner/Winchendon District Courts— and it will soon be integrated into five district courts throughout Worcester County. Fitchburg State University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Middle District Attorney’s Office, in partnership with the Regional Substance Navigation Program (RSNP) and Community Connections, proposes the expansion of a successful regional model in the Greater Milford region. The RSNP has formal partnerships between police and the mental health agency, Community Connections, to provide rapid response to non-fatal overdoses and engage individuals in treatment. The RSNP also provides counseling, peer support, referrals, prevention, and intervention programming in the region. Community partners include schools, police, government agencies, municipalities, community-based organizations, and other stakeholders. Funding requested will increase RSNP staffing with licensed mental health professionals and recovery coaches, including services for children, through Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Animal Assistive Therapy. Additional staff will increase capacity to serve the region and to potentially expand to serve up to 20 towns. A recovery center will be established, housing the previously detailed services, educational and life skills programs, recovery activities such as recovery yoga and safe, substance-free social activities for individuals in recovery. Grant funding will support a full-time coordinator, recovery services and direct client services, rent, and furnishings of the recovery center.
The Milwaukee County Behavioral Health Division will use grant funds to implement medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for sentenced and sanctioned offenders in custody at the Milwaukee County House of Correction and support their transition to community-based services once released from custody. Dr. Tina Freiburger from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee will conduct both a process and outcome evaluation.
The Milwaukee Prostitution and Opioid Diversion Project (MPOD) within the Milwaukee County Housing Division will establish a public health and justice partnership to address the unique needs of women in street prostitution and sex trafficking who abuse illicit or prescription opioids (and other drugs) and frequently come into contact with the justice system for prostitution or drug-related arrests or as victims of sex trafficking. MPOD will enhance service capacity in the current Sisters Diversion Project, a municipal pre-arrest prostitution diversion program, building on the pre-existing partnership among the Milwaukee Police Department, the Milwaukee County Behavioral Health Division, the Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office, local treatment agencies, and the Medical College of Wisconsin; and enhance coordination and services for women in Milwaukee County’s Early Interventions Program (specifically, its pretrial diversion program). MPOD will engage the Medical College of Wisconsin as the research partner for this project.
The Minnesota Board of Pharmacy will move to the new prescription monitoring program (PMP) AWARxE platform with the inclusion of the deployment of NarxCare analytics, visualizations, and clinical intervention tools. To educate users about the database and the updated functionalities to ensure continued, accurate use of the system, a Quick Tips Guide—which was an appreciated educational tool in the past—will be created and distributed. Finally, the PMP will expand the system’s report-generation capabilities as used by the PMP administrator and the PMP pharmacist consultant to analyze and identify trends and provide requested data to stakeholders.
The Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension will create a drug monitoring initiative within the Minnesota Fusion Center. Key partners include local, state, federal, and tribal public safety and public health agencies, including the Minnesota Prescription Monitoring Program (MNPMP), Minnesota Department of Health, Department of Human Services, and Minnesota Poison Control.
The Minnesota Department of Public Safety (DPS) will support the “Timely Treatment, Strengthened Service, and Effective Evaluation for Overdose Prevention: Linkage to Care Across Minnesota” project to achieve the following objectives in eight sites: • Reduce opioid misuse and opioid overdose death by supporting local efforts to implement effective opioid overdose prevention projects. • Support local efforts to implement treatment and recovery support linkage activities serving individuals vulnerable for drug overdose. • Support implementation of local multidisciplinary intervention models to bring together stakeholders with different perspectives and different information to identify drug overdose prevention strategies. • Enhance access to naloxone among people who use drugs to decrease overdose deaths. • Enhance successful local multidisciplinary overdose prevention activities to decrease overdose deaths. • Evaluate the extent to which additional funding to eight opioid overdose prevention projects, referred to as “Tackling Opioid Use With Networks (TOWN)”, impact the incidence of overdose in communities. • Create a TOWN Manual in collaboration with the communities to support the expansion and sustainability of the TOWN model. The eight sites will implement three evidence-based activities: (1) peer recovery specialists in emergency departments; (2) treatment linkage by emergency medical services; and (3) overdose fatality review teams. The project will also enhance six Minnesota Department of Public Safety-funded syringe services programs by providing each site with naloxone to distribute to participants who use opioids. Dr. Catherine Diamond from the Minnesota Department of Health will lead the project evaluation.
The Mississippi State Department of Health will establish a state opioid and heroin data center to serve as an information resource for Mississippi. A comprehensive analysis of multiple data sources produced from this center will be utilized by the community, health-care providers, and other stakeholders to reduce the number of inappropriate opioid prescriptions and decrease the number of opioid fatalities in Mississippi. The objectives are to leverage key data sets to create a holistic view of the environment; inform Mississippi prescribers, policymakers, law enforcement, other stakeholders, and the public about the impact of prescription drug and heroin abuse for development of data-driven, evidence-based interventions; and use data to examine state and local-level policies for conformance with best practices and facilitation of positive interventions.
The Mississippi State Department of Health will improve data quality for ongoing monitoring of the impact of opioid abuse in the state by (1) incorporating Syndromic Surveillance clinical data; (2) integrating emergency medical services (EMS) data with Syndromic Surveillance so that providers may view opioid overdose events; (3) enhancing EMS data quality so as to report opioid/drug overdose events; and (4) enhancing law enforcement data quality.
The Montana Board of Crime Control will develop a comprehensive plan that identifies policies and practices to assist local communities and providers in engaging and retaining offenders with opioid use disorder in treatment and recovery services and to increase the use of diversion in Montana. After the plan is completed, grant funds will be used to support the development of local, sustainable diversion programs and projects that link offenders to treatment and recovery services in priority communities. The primary partner for this project is the Addictive and Mental Disorders Division of the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services (DPHHS).
The Montgomery County Department of Public Safety (MCDPS) will develop and enhance public safety, behavioral health, and public health information sharing partnerships that leverage key public health and public safety data sets (e.g., de-identified prescription drug monitoring program [PDMP] data, naloxone administrations, emergency medical services [EMS] run data, fatal and nonfatal overdose data, 9-1-1 dispatch information) by implementing the Emergency Medical Overdose Surveillance System (EMODSS) Project. The EMODSS Project will be established as a permanent initiative under MCDPS, Division of Homeland Security, Intelligence Fusion Center. The EMODSS Project will be used to supplement Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP) data with a goal of creating an automatic feed from EMODSS to ODMAP. The information acquired through EMODSS will enhance the Liberty High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTA) regional situational awareness picture.
The Montgomery County, Texas, District Attorney’s Office will take the lead with a multiagency collaboration to comprehensively tackle issues surrounding prescription opioid abuse in the county. A preventive and proactive data-driven approach will be adopted to identify doctor shoppers, “pill mill” doctors, problematic pharmacies, and prescription opioid addicts. The goal is to hold doctors and pharmacies accountable and to prosecute doctor shoppers who divert prescription opioids to streets for profit. The two primary components of the project include a pre-crime unit and a Prescriber Outreach and Education Program.
The Morris County Sheriff’s Office will use funds to maintain and expand its Hope One Mobile Outreach vehicle program, which is deployed twice a week to areas experiencing a high volume of opiate overdoses. This expansion will include the launch of a Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI), utlizing municipal and county law enforcement with the assistance of community partners. The research partner, Epiphany Community Services, will be provided with the data to track client progress and report progress so that any necessary program adjustments can be made.
The Mount Rogers Community Services Board will enhance opioid treatment services and support. The project includes a coordinator, two peer recovery specialists, a system navigator, and a lead clinician. The project will also support recovery housing. The project services the Twin County area, including Carroll County, Grayson County, and the city of Galax.
The Multnomah County Health Department will use grant funds to embed an opioid use disorder (OUD) corrections counselor and peer recovery mentors in booking for Multnomah County. The individuals in these positions will identify persons in need of OUD treatment and assist them in successfully engaging with recovery programs that offer medication-assisted therapy (MAT). A full-time coordinator will be employed to engage partners in a planning process to further identify gaps and refine project strategies, as well as ongoing coordination of opioid overdose strategies for populations with OUD. A focus of the grant activities is to screen and identify offenders for OUD and provide navigation services and peer recovery support to connect them to treatment, including MAT, and other critical resources. Dr. David Dowler of Program Design and Evaluation Services will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Muscogee (Creek) Nation (MCN), the fourth-largest federally recognized tribe in the United States, is proposing the MCN COAP and Treatment Project. Project MCN will pursue three goals. First, MCN will develop an internal referral process to identify tribal citizens suffering from opioid abuse who need additional services and support or citizens at higher risk as a result of exposure. Second, MCN will create an internal database of patient health information to inform and evaluate patient needs for treatment and prevention opportunities. Third, MCN will increase the number of providers certified and licensed for medication-assisted treatment and new telebehavioral health options at a primary care facility. Use of these expanded options will be driven by data analysis and recommendations from a research partner.
The Metro Public Health Department proposes to implement the Opioid Overdose Reduction Program which will implement a robust overdose monitoring and data reporting system, to drive the strategic planning of the Overdose Reduction Workgroup, a multi-disciplinary team of over 26 agencies and organizations. The program will conduct an analysis of the severity of the opioid crisis in Nashville and provide much needed data to community stakeholders. Additionally, they will implement an Overdose Fatality Review Team to further investigate overdose causes, trends and opportunities for earlier intervention. Grant funding is requested for: a full-time comprehensive opioid abust program coordinator and full-time epidemiologist, .35 FTE opioid response coordinator will carry out project requirements.
The Native Village of Port Heiden is a federally recognized tribe located in Port Heiden, Alaska. The village proposes to procure marine/land equipment to aid in the enforcement and interception of illegal substance importation; develop a strategic plan utilizing the Sequential Intercept Model as a guide; procure transitional sober housing; and increase/strengthen youth services.
The Meshik Soul Healing Project will provide screening for substance abuse and referrals to treatment and will incorporate a cultural camp in the Native Village of Port Heiden and provide for appropriate services within the context of the Aleut, Alaska, Native/American Indian culture. The project will serve the villages of Perryville, Pilot Point, Port Heiden, and Ugashik. The villages have tribal councils, which function as tribal governments and are rural communities.
The Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services will form a multidisciplinary action group; develop a data dashboard utilizing a combination of vital records data, hospital discharge data, Nebraska Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (NePDMP) data, and geographic information of treatment services available in Nebraska; and increase the number of toxicology trainings and reports on suspected drug-related overdose fatalities. This data dashboard will aid in areas such as developing targeted interventions, creating data-driven responses, and determining best practices. The action group will encompass representatives from areas such as behavioral health and treatment agencies, pharmacies, hospitals, law enforcement, and local agencies, all of whom will then oversee the development of this dashboard. The prescription drug overdose prevention epidemiologist will be the staff member responsible for collecting and reporting the required performance measures.
The Nebraska Department of Health and Human Services Division of Public Health will add provider dashboard enhancements to the Nebraska Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) that support clinical decision making. The Division of Public Health will also develop updated training for prescribers, dispensers, and designees on the provider dashboard enhancements and produce updated training videos.
The Nevada State Board of Pharmacy will support the proactive use and enhancement of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) by (1) enhancing the Nevada PDMP with the addition of NarxCare, a software platform that will improve prescription monitoring program (PMP) reports by allowing for the incorporation of NarxCare analytics, visualizations, clinical intervention tools, and additional public health data sets into Nevada’s PMP AWARxE database; (2) improving the quality and accuracy of PMP data through an extension of the Board of Pharmacy and PMP’s current Audit Project, which looks at the accuracy and completeness of the data in the Nevada PMP; and (3) enhancing the PMP’s ability to provide quality reports of suspected fraudulent or otherwise unlawful or inappropriate prescribing patterns to authorized law enforcement agencies and/or occupational licensing boards for further investigation.
The New Bedford Police Department (NBPD) will increase its capacity to offer outreach and referral services to individuals who have chosen diversion from prosecution and who have overdosed or been identified as at risk of overdosing. NBPD will (1) hire a full-time project manager to coordinate efforts within the department and with external partners; (2) add two recovery coaches to provide outreach and follow-up post-treatment coaching; (3) implement the Critical Incident Management System (CIMS) to house the necessary data to monitor and evaluate this effort and; (4) complete yearly evaluations to assess the overall effectiveness of the project in achieving its overall goals/objectives and evaluate the processes and implementation by tracking critical measures associated with the implementation of the program model. Kelley Research Associates will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The New Castle County Division of Police is proposing to expand Hero Help, a law enforcement led diversion by creating a team (substance abuse clinician, nurse, police officer, case manager, victim advocate) embedded in the patrol division, to respond immediately to 9-1-1 calls for service. Grant funds support a full-time project coordinator, nurse, child victim advocate (respond to overdose where children are impacted) and a licensed clinician. Additionally, to improve analytic capacity, develop a data collection tool to capture near real-time fatal and nonfatal overdoses. University of Delaware, Center for Drug and Health Studies, and Daniel O’Connell will serve as the research partner.
The New Hampshire prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) will expand the implementation of information exchange among state PDMPs, extend query search capabilities, develop a training program for system users to improve clinical decision making and prevent the abuse and diversion of controlled substances, and evaluate of the impact of the utilization of PDMP data and reports on prescriber behavior. The program will also continue to implement the sharing of statistical and/or de-identified analyses, geographical analyses, or any other analytical process that can demonstrably improve the understanding of local and regional issues and develop targeted, effective response strategies.
The New Hampshire Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) is committed to reducing misuse, abuse, and diversion of prescription controlled substances through the following goals: expand the implementation of information sharing between state PDMPs, improve the quality and accuracy of PDMP data, integrate and examine the effectiveness of PDMP utilization, examine the effectiveness of prescriber- and pharmacist-mandated enrollment of PDMPs, and develop training for practitioners and users of the PDMP. The PDMP will work with members of the Advisory Council to examine through data collection the effectiveness of the prescriber mandate to query the PDMP.
The New Hampshire Department of Justice will use internet-enabled tablets and a secure application to allow for real-time case monitoring and peer recovery support. Three pilot locations were selected for this project.
The New Mexico Department of Health (NMDOH) will partner with Christus St. Vincent Regional Medical Center in Santa Fe County and Presbyterian Espanola Hospital in Rio Arriba County to expand the identification of individuals with drug overdoses at these two hospitals to the NMDOH and ensure that a peer support worker is providing information on treatment resources to those who survive an overdose. The overall goal is to ensure that patients who have overdosed have access to treatment and thus end the cycle of overdose deaths. Naloxone will also be purchased through this grant for distribution. The prescription drug overdose prevention coordinator and the peer support worker will provide data for the grant reporting as well as track and analyze overdose surveillance data.
The New York State Unified Court System will partner with the Center for Court Innovation (CCI) and the New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Services to implement the New York State Opioid Reduction Teleservices Program. Up to three opioid courts will be selected—based on demonstrated need and rural location—to receive technology-based access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT) providers. The court system and CCI researchers will develop materials to educate the field about using remote technology to improve treatment, judicial monitoring, and MAT induction.
The County of Niagara will use funds to develop a law enforcement assisted diversion (LEAD) program and a quick response post-opioid overdose team (QRT). Funds will be used to hire staff for the presenting alternatives for treatment and healing (PATH) team that will implement the LEAD and QRT programs. These positions include a project coordinator, harm-reduction case manager, and two peer recovery specialists. The PATH Steering Committee includes partnerships among the Niagara Falls Police Department, District Attorney's office, Sheriff's Office, Department of Mental Health & Substance Abuse, community peer supports, and treatment providers. The applicant has engaged faculty from Niagara University to serve as the project evaluator.
The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities, and Substance Abuse Services (NC DHHS) will implement evidence-based strategies to reduce the rate of opioid overdose associated with individuals involved in the local justice system. NC DHHS will competitively subaward nine sites to implement pre-arrest diversion programs, jail-based overdose prevention education and naloxone upon release, jail-based medication assisted treatment, and connections to care upon release. Six sites will be new projects and three sites will involve expanding or enhancing existing projects. The state will collaborate with Dr. Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Department of Social Medicine as the research partner for the project.
The North Mason Regional Fire Authority in Mason County, Washington, will partner with Peninsula Community Health Services to establish a Quick Response Team (QRT). A research partner will be selected at the time of the award.
The Bronx District Attorney, in partnership with the Bronx Criminal Court and the Center for Court Innovation/Bronx Community Solutions, will address the crisis in opioid deaths and overdose by enhancing the Overdose Avoidance Recovery (OAR) Program. This enhanced OAR Program will be expanded into two additional courtrooms. BetaGov/Litmus at NYU will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction will partner with the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services under the Bureau of Correctional Recovery Services to develop virtual reality products aimed at enhancing treatment services for people with opioid abuse and others with opioid involvement. The pilot sites include two prisons: Dayton Correctional Institution and Warren Correctional Institution. In addition to the two prison sites, two community-supervision offices, both in isolated rural areas with limited access to treatment, have been selected as pilot community sites: Pike County Adult Parole Authority and Scioto County Adult Parole Authority. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Ohio Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) - Investigation and Enforcement Project will hire four Board of Pharmacy Agents to review data in the state’s PDMP, known as Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System (OARRS), to identify healthcare providers who may be in violation of Ohio law or administrative rules and conduct investigations of such providers, operate a pre-criminal intervention program, and conduct training on the use of OARRS for law enforcement as part of active investigations. Additionally, the project will improve the overall quality and accuracy of PDMP data by purchasing analytics software and a subscription services that enhances the Board’s ability to match prescriber data in the system.
The Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics will improve the quality and accuracy of prescription monitoring program (PMP) data by hiring an additional compliance and data quality analyst. The PMP will also add standard reports, more data analytics, and prescriber report cards to reduce inaccurate or missing information and provide users with a complete picture.
This grant will help integrate the Oklahoma prescription monitoring program (PMP) into prescriber clinical workflow, including patient history, summary information, and clinical risk indicators. While PMPs have seen great advancements over the years, Oklahoma is still unique in that it remains the only state with real time data collection and this enhancement would provide that real-time data to prescribers in a more efficient way. This project will support the integration for over 20,000 prescribers throughout the State of Oklahoma.
The Orleans Parish will enhance the Orleans Re-Entry Court by screening offenders for opioid addictions at sentencing; referring offenders with opioid addictions to receive medication-assisted treatment; and offering offenders job training services, education, and cognitive behavioral interventions while incarcerated and upon release. Loyola University New Orleans will serve as the research partner.
The Palm Beach County Comprehensive Opioid Abuse Program will reduce the number of overdose fatalities and mitigate the impacts on crime victims by supporting a comprehensive, collaborative, county-wide initiative to the opioid epidemic, with a special emphasis on assisting with the provision of transitional/recovery housing options for targeted individuals with a substance use disorder in order to support their recovery process and success in diversion referral programming. Palm Beach County will offer medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in jail along with additional treatment services, including peer support. A reentry specialist will assist with coordinating services when the individual leaves jail. This project will engage Florida Atlantic University as a research partner.
The Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency (PCCD) will fund projects for counties that work with the Technical Assistance Center at the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy’s Program Evaluation and Research Unit to implement evidence-based programs to reduce overdose deaths.
The Pennsylvania Commission on Crime and Delinquency will sponsor the Forensic Drug Chemistry Surveillance Project to support five counties (Beaver, Franklin, Lackawanna, Schuylkill, and Washington) in establishing new quantitative, real-time forensic drug chemistry analysis workflow protocols. These new protocols will identify responsive strategies that enhance investigations by connecting cases and promoting rapid dissemination of critical information. Accurate, complete, and timely forensic drug chemistry data within a region can help law enforcement plan strategic and immediate responses based on local needs, and larger public safety investigative agencies will be able to use the drug intelligence to monitor trends and intercept drug trafficking routes. Improved drug testing will also enhance public information sharing about the dangers of drugs in the community. The University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy Program Evaluation and Research Unit will serve as a research partner.
The Pennsylvania Department of Corrections will focus on persons reentering the community from Pennsylvania Department of Corrections facilities who are high-frequency utilizers of services across systems (e.g., justice, health care, social services). Project efforts will focus on improving data sharing across relevant entities in the Commonwealth, with formation of a stakeholder team to advise on naloxone distribution, data sharing systems, and administrative protocols. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Pennsylvania Department of Health will develop and implement a systematic, sustainable Web-based solution to obtain timely and accurate statewide drug overdose death report data from Pennsylvania county coroners and medical examiners. Overdose death data collected and analyzed through this solution will be used to support statewide, county, and local-level drug death information sharing for public safety, behavioral health, and public health prevention, as well as rescue and treatment initiatives. This data will also be incorporated into Pennsylvania’s Opioid Data Dashboard.
The Pennsylvania Department of Health will develop a robust prescriber and dispenser-controlled substance report, strengthen the prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) system by improving data quality and compliance, produce and disseminate Rx Awareness educational material, and connect to the RxCheck hub to support interstate data sharing.
The Pennsylvania State Police will use funds to implement Project TRIAD, which will synchronize innovative, technology-driven enforcement strategies, leveraging information received through community input. Project TRIAD is named for its three component parts: Component 1–Targeted Enforcement; Component 2–Problem Oriented Policing through Community Partnerships; and Component 3–Public Outreach. In addition, a research component will be funded to assess impact.
The Philadelphia Department of Public Health Opioid Data Working Group will develop a comprehensive opioid epidemic data report to establish a baseline and monitor the epidemic, use data matched across departments to identify barriers and opportunities, establish use of real-time data such as the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP) and hospital syndromic data to support a rapid response plan to surges in overdose, and establish an overdose death review team that will review, in depth, a smaller number of fatal opioid-related overdose cases to identify factors, including system-level failures, that may have contributed to the fatalities.
Pinellas County is developing a Strategic Information Partnership (SIP) to (1) support real-time/timely data collection from key stakeholders to better articulate the current state of the problem; (2) improve communication for targeted outreach, enforcement, and education; (3) support cross-system planning and data evaluation to better inform policymakers on targeted interventions; and (4) leverage scarce resources and avoid duplication of efforts.
The Pueblo of Pojoaque will create the Pueblo of Pojoaque Opioid Prevention and Intervention Project, a court-based, pre-prosecution diversion program. A project coordinator and an outreach worker/case manager will be hired. The State of New Mexico Sentencing Commission will serve as the evaluation partner for the proposed project.
The Pulaski County Sheriff’s Office in Arkansas will combat the opioid epidemic by including a diversion program for pre-sentencing offenders through expansion on their current Crisis Intervention Team, providing transitional housing, and installing tamper proof drug collection receptacles at two precincts in the outermost parts of the county to allow for more localized collection of unused and expired medications for those citizens who reside in the outermost sections of the county.
The Puyallup Tribe of Indians, a federally recognized tribe in western Washington State, will implement the Community Reentry Services Project. Members reentering the community from inpatient treatment or a correction facility will receive treatment, case management, peer-to-peer mentorship, and vouchers for housing and transportation.
The University of California, Davis (UC Davis) will work with the California Department of Justice and other partners to perform a rigorous evaluation of California’s new law mandating use of its prescription drug monitoring program. The evaluation will focus on effects of mandated PDMP use on prescribing patterns and health outcomes, including potential unintended consequences. UC Davis will work with the Northern California High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) to establish a foundational relationship between public health and law enforcement agencies. In particular, UC Davis will focus on exploring new data sources from law enforcement agencies to share with public health agencies about opioid supply and overdose. The goal is to develop protocols to predict opioid overdose and share information about supply disruptions with emergency departments, first responders, and other key agencies. UC Davis will also explore protocols for communicating directly with local emergency services directors.
Region XII Commission on Mental Health and Mental Retardation doing business as Pine Belt Mental Healthcare Resources will develop a pre-arrest law enforcement diversion program. Funds will be used to develop a team of peer recovery support providers, a nurse, therapist, and a project coordinator that will accept referrals from law enforcement and a local emergency department. Project partners include Pine Belt Mental Healthcare Resources, Forrest and Lamar Counties Sheriffs’ Departments, Hattiesburg and Petal Police Departments, and Forrest General Hospital. The applicant will engage an independent research partner.
The Reno Police Department, in partnership with the Washoe County Health Department and other community partners, will implement evidence-based practices in the field of tobacco prevention by launching a mass-reach health communication campaign with the goal of changing the social norms surrounding prescribed opioids. This program will also follow up with individuals/families who have experienced a suspected overdose and provide information regarding resources such as how to seek a substance abuse evaluation and/or counseling, medication-assisted treatment (MAT) and other treatment, and where to obtain naloxone. Finally, the program will launch a prescriber education campaign.
The Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, Inc. at The New York State Office of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse (OASAS) proposes the New York Opioid Court Treatment Enhancement Project to enhance and evaluate substance abuse treatment and recovery support service systems treating offenders participating in ten opioid courts in Troy, Elmira, Watertown, Canandaigua, Niagara Falls, Montgomery, Rockland, Nassau, Queens, and Staten Island. OASAS is working in collaboration with the New York State Unified Court System (UCS) to expand treatment and recovery support services to serve offenders in opioid courts the moment they enter the criminal justice system. UCS is initiating opioid court models based on the original model established by the Buffalo Opioid Intervention Court in 2017. The project will engage the Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion at Syracuse University as the research partner for this project.
The Rhode Island Department of Health (RIDOH) prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) Enhancement Project will strengthen the organization of RIDOH’s PDMP, build dedicated staffing, engage stakeholders as well as plan and develop enhancements conforming to best practices. To further strengthen the PDMP, RIDOH is working with the Executive Office of Health and Human Services (EOHHS) to secure additional CMS funding for actual implementation of PDMP enhancements that are going to be outputs of this grant.
The Rhode Island State Police will implement the Heroin-Opioid Prevention Effort (HOPE) Initiative, the nation’s first statewide law enforcement-led opioid overdose outreach program, modeled after the Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI). The HOPE Initiative engages law enforcement personnel in a proactive outreach strategy to combat the opioid overdose epidemic by bringing together substance-use professionals and members of law enforcement with the mission of reaching out to individuals at risk of overdosing and encouraging them to be assessed and treated. The project will support the technology, professional expertise, and partnerships needed to gather comprehensive data, perform outreach visits, execute research, and contribute to the administration of the HOPE Initiative. Data gathered through the HOPE Initiative will be shared with the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP). Kelley Research Associates will serve as the project evaluator.
The Rhode Island State Police will implement the Heroin-Opioid Prevention Effort (HOPE) Initiative, the nation’s first statewide law enforcement-led opioid overdose outreach program, modeled after the Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative (PAARI). The HOPE Initiative engages law enforcement personnel in a proactive outreach strategy to combat the opioid overdose epidemic by bringing together substance-use professionals and members of law enforcement with the mission of reaching out to those who are at risk of overdosing and encouraging them to be assessed and treated. The project will support the HOPE Initiative by enhancing the ongoing efforts of state and local government to address the opioid overdose epidemic, including gathering real-time law enforcement data on opioid overdoses to identify individuals with opioid use disorder. In addition, the project will support a program involving law enforcement and case management to provide outreach to individuals with opioid use disorder. Outreach efforts will include victims and child welfare services. Data gathered through the HOPE Initiative will be shared with the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP). Kelley Research Associates will serve as the project evaluator.
Rio Arriba County Health and Human Services Department, the Rio Arriba County Sheriff’s Office, and the Española Police Department will implement pre-arrest diversion for low-level, nonviolent offenders using the Law Enforcement-Assisted Diversion (LEAD) model. The University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center has committed to work with Northern New Mexico College to serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
Missouri is the only state in the U.S. without a statewide prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) to manage the prescribing, dosing, and dispensing of controlled substances. In 2017, 951 Missourians lost their lives due to an opioid-related overdose. City and county jurisdictions have partnered across the state to launch, manage, and sustain a cross-jurisdictional PDMP, operated by St. Louis County, that covers 84 percent (61 counties and 11 cities) of the state’s population and 94 percent of providers in Missouri. The proposed project will provide technical assistance to actively engage additional jurisdictions and support existing jurisdictions with the PDMP—tailoring technical assistance and support to all Missouri counties; enhance PDMP platform to support goals of the PDMP program (inform clinical care, improve clinical practice, and decrease misuse/abuse of controlled substances), and promote the PDMP system functionality and benefits throughout the state, educating program partners on system utilization to inform, and improve clinical practice.
Missouri is the only state in the U.S. without a statewide prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) to manage the prescribing, dosing, and dispensing of controlled substances. In 2017, 951 Missourians lost their lives due to an opioid-related overdose. City and county jurisdictions have partnered across the state to launch, manage, and sustain a cross-jurisdictional PDMP, operated by St. Louis County, that covers 84 percent (61 counties and 11 cities) of the state’s population and 94 percent of providers in Missouri. The proposed project will provide technical assistance to actively engage additional jurisdictions and support existing jurisdictions with the PDMP—tailoring technical assistance and support to all Missouri counties; enhance PDMP platform to support goals of the PDMP program (inform clinical care, improve clinical practice, and decrease misuse/abuse of controlled substances), and promote the PDMP system functionality and benefits throughout the state, educating program partners on system utilization to inform, and improve clinical practice.
Seattle and King County Public Health is proposing to provide enhanced care coordination services focusing on treatment decision-making within the correctional setting and the linkage and retention of formerly incarcerated individuals into community-based opioid use disorder treatment programs. Transition support services for individuals who receive Medicated Assisted Treatment will be provided as well as increased identification of individuals with OUD, enhanced release planning from jail, and linage to a community provider for up to five visits following release from jail. Grant funds requested will provide: a half-time coordinator, two full-time substance use disorder specialists, a health program assistant and a lead evaluator, Dr. Hood, Seattle King County Public Health.
The Seattle Police Department, in partnership with the Washington State Department of Corrections, King County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office, and the Public Defenders Association, will enhance in-custody access to services, mentoring, and peer support; expand reentry access to services (including stable housing and opioid abuse-related treatment), mentoring, and peer support; and provide options for diversion to treatment for persons on community supervision instead of return to custody. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Seneca Nation of Indians Peacemakers Court will address the increasing number of opioid overdoses and overdose-related deaths in the Seneca National Territories by reducing reliance on emergency health care and the criminal justice system by high-frequency opioid users. In partnership with Seneca Strong, a community-based drug and alcohol prevention and recovery program, the Peacemakers Court will create a community-driven, culturally competent diversion project that will specifically target Native American opioid utilizers who have a high number of contacts with multiple systems. The project coordinator will assemble a multidisciplinary team responsible for developing the program’s policy and procedures. Programming will include culturally specific professionals and confidential trainings and individualized wraparound services, in addition to a data analysis.
Sevier County will enhance the Sevier County Offender Recovery Program (SCORP), a comprehensive, collaborative effort to identify and refer individuals to treatment and recovery following incarceration. Interventions begin during incarceration; however, the majority of services are provided immediately at release during the probationary period. Funds will be used to hire a peer mentor coordinator, a women’s service liaison, and a probation/life skills coach for incarcerated women enrolled in the program and expand the substance abuse prevention education program to include the families of SCORP participants.
The Shelby County Division of Community Services will use addiction peer recovery specialists to link individuals with substance abuse to treatment and case management services, bridge the gap between victims and resources, and be on call 24/7/365 with law enforcement, emergency medical services, and local emergency rooms working to identify patients and encourage them into treatment. The University of Memphis will serve as the research partner for this project.
Sierra County in New Mexico will develop a crisis intervention team to assist law enforcement officers in developing a law enforcement diversion program, provide jail-based opioid and behavioral health services, provide skill-building and treatment, assist incarcerated individuals transitioning to community-based services once released from custody, add community behavior health treatment planning and services, and conduct opioid education programs in schools. This project will engage Ann Hays Egan of New Ventures Consulting as the research partner for this project.
The South Carolina Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services will assist in developing a medication-assisted treatment (MAT) project in York County, in partnership with the Sixteenth Judicial Circuit Solicitor’s Office, the York County Sheriff’s Office, and treatment partners. Winthrop University will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The South Dakota Board of Pharmacy will support the proactive use of the prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) by providing practitioners with an enhanced patient profile report that will be available via one-click, in-workflow access. Enhancing South Dakota’s prescription monitoring program (PMP) AWARxE with the NarxCare Enterprise platform and facilitating Statewide Gateway Integration will integrate the South Dakota PDMP into all prescriber electronic health record platforms and all pharmacy management systems.
The Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA) will implement a Police Rapid Response Pilot Program. The Rapid Response Team will be the lead responding unit to overdose calls in the Kensington Transit Corridor. SEPTA officers will provide naloxone to overdose patients, social services information, and transportation to a treatment facility for individuals who wish to be seen by medical professionals. Dr. Jerry Ratcliffe from Temple University will serve as the research partner for the proposed project, and Philadelphia-based nonprofit Angels in Motion will provide linkages to social support services.
Missouri is the only state in the United States without a statewide Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP). With this grant, the St. Louis County PDMP, developed by the St. Louis County Department of Public Health, will become cross-jurisdictional and now includes 72 jurisdictions across Missouri. Project goals include delivering technical assistance and support to promote engagement and use of PDMP information, educating and recruiting additional subscribers to improve the value and utility of the PDMP database, and designing and refining utilization data and reports. A biostatistician was hired in Year One of the project period to establish the data infrastructure for reports and data analysis made possible by the PDMP. The Technical Advisory Committee meets quarterly throughout the project period with the project director.
The Opioid Community of Practice (OCP) began in October 2017 and is coordinated by St. Louis County Department of Public Health. The OCP is a multijurisdictional learning collaborative composed of public health entities and action researchers that provides a designated space for strategic planning, knowledge sharing, protocol evaluation, peer review, and innovation. OCP members are engaged in a continuous process of learning to identify barriers, highlight successful interventions, and identify new opportunities for potential collaboration. Participation of local public health agencies ripples from anchoring jurisdictions from St. Louis County, St. Louis City, St. Charles County, Kansas City, Jackson County, Clay County, Columbia–Boone County, and Springfield–Greene County. The group aims to improve outreach on OCP initiatives to the growing number of jurisdictions (currently 72) participating in the St. Louis County Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) and beyond. The group also includes researchers from the Missouri Institute of Mental Health at the University of Missouri–St. Louis and leaders from local law enforcement, the Missouri Hospital Association, United Way of Greater St. Louis, the Behavioral Health Network of Greater St. Louis, and the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. The goals and objectives for this project are: (1) collaborate to improve data identification, collection, and utilization of opioid data; (2) prioritize and enhance community-based interventions and system-level strategies using improved opioid data and collective action that address social determinants of health; and (3) leverage action researchers, local public health entities, and regional data collaborative groups to evaluate the collective impact of the learning community and the impact of resulting interventions on reducing opioid misuse. St. Charles County, Kansas City, Jackson County, Clay County, Columbia–Boone County, and Springfield–Greene County. The group aims to improve outreach on OCP initiatives to the growing number of jurisdictions (currently 72) participating in the St. Louis County Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) and beyond. The group also includes researchers from the Missouri Institute of Mental Health at the University of Missouri–St. Louis and leaders from local law enforcement, the Missouri Hospital Association, United Way of Greater St. Louis, the Behavioral Health Network of Greater St. Louis, and the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services. The goals and objectives for this project are: (1) collaborate to improve data identification, collection, and utilization of opioid data; (2) prioritize and enhance community-based interventions and system-level strategies using improved opioid data and collective action that address social determinants of health; and (3) leverage action researchers, local public health entities, and regional data collaborative groups to evaluate the collective impact of the learning community and the impact of resulting interventions on reducing opioid misuse.
St. Mary’s County Health Department in Maryland will work with other community agencies to expand the data that are used to support the Opioid Intervention Team. The utilization of Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP), Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP), and first responder data will be increased. In addition, the agency will increase the multidisciplinary engagements with community organizations and neighboring jurisdictions and increase recovery support services and educational opportunities for prescribers and patients.
St. Tammany Parish will develop an information system to analyze and track the opioid client population across justice system and health intercepts in order to reduce cases of overdose and increase treatment and recovery service access. Key partners for this project include the 22nd Judicial District Court, the Safe Haven Advisory Board, St. Tammany Parish Hospital, the St. Tammany Parish Sheriff’s Office and Jail, and the District Attorney’s Office.
The St. Tammany Parish Government aims to reduce the incidence of opioid overdoses and increase community access to care for substance abuse and behavioral health needs in Mandeville, Louisiana. The project will plan and implement a cross-system collaboration to address opioid use and promote jail diversion, treatment, and recovery. A program coordinator will create a unified data entry system to track data on opioid users when they enter hospitals, the criminal justice system, or recovery services in order to track their progress. The grantee will analyze data metrics to identify high-frequency users for enhanced programmatic targeting.
Stanislaus County will expand upon it's current community assessment, response, and engagement (CARE) multidisciplinary team (MDT). The team includes staff representation from the Modesto Fire Department, Modesto Police Department, Stanislaus County Behavioral Health and Recovery Services, Stanislaus County Probation Department, Stanislaus County Community Services Agency, and nonprofits that provide case management and peer recovery services. Funding will be used to hire a public health nurse, a substance use clinician, and a project coordinator as well as purchase recovery housing and emergency shelter vouchers.
Iowa’s project to enhance the Iowa Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) is a partnership between the Iowa Department of Public Health (IDPH) Bureau of Substance Abuse and the Iowa Board of Pharmacy, as well as the Governor’s Office of Drug Control Policy. Goals include increasing prescriber registration, increasing access and admission to treatment and recovery support, and implementing multisystem planning and program development. A data analyst position is partially funded through this project; this position serves as a liaison between the state PMP team and other providers and to conduct analysis.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety (DLPS) will use grant funds to create a coordinated plan, formulated with pertinent stakeholders, to assess how best to leverage available data, resources, and funding streams to establish opioid response teams in the five most at-risk and in-need municipalities in New Jersey to add another point of entry to treatment for opioid-addicted individuals. The New Jersey DLPS will offer subawards to help fund opioid response teams at the local level. DLPS’s goal for the program is to provide crisis intervention for opioid-addicted individuals at multiple entry points, thus facilitating another link to treatment and recovery programs through law enforcement.
The Department of Law and Public Safety and the New Jersey Division of Consumer Affairs will improve New Jersey prescription monitoring program (NJPMP) information, reporting, quality, and integrity which will allow for better clinical decision making by prescribers. Also, New Jersey's efforts to prevent the abuse, misuse and diversion of controlled substances by creating a module that will develop and generate prescriber report cards to provide prescribers insight into their opioid prescribing patterns, developing hardware and software upgrades for New Jersey's Integrated Drug Awareness Dashboard (IDAD), and producing and disseminating educational materials and informational displays to utilize in NJPMP outreach campaign. Two epidemiologists will be hired to conduct analysis of NJPMP and related data.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety (DLPS) will collaborate with state agencies to develop a computerized, data-sharing dashboard, known as the Integrated Drug Awareness Dashboard (IDAD). The IDAD will leverage data sets specific to each agency, such as the New Jersey State Police and the Division of Consumer Affairs, and include identified and de-identified arrest and drug seizure data and Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) data into one centralized platform. The goal is to synthesize multiagency information to create specialized and user-specific reports that will improve the sharing of opioid information across state agencies. The dashboard will create a holistic picture of the opioid environment, help develop targeted interventions, develop analytic opioid hot spots, and push notifications. Montclair State University will serve as the action research partner.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety (DLPS) will collaborate with state agencies to develop a computerized, data-sharing dashboard, known as the Integrated Drug Awareness Dashboard (IDAD). The IDAD will leverage data sets specific to each agency, such as the New Jersey State Police and the Division of Consumer Affairs, and include identified and de-identified arrest and drug seizure data and Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) data in one centralized platform. The goal is to synthesize multiagency information to create specialized and user-specific reports that will improve the sharing of opioid information across state agencies. The dashboard will create a holistic picture of the opioid environment, help develop targeted interventions, develop analytic opioid hot spots, and push notifications. Montclair State University will serve as the action research partner.
The New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety will develop clinical alerts and unsolicited reports to alert prescribers of potential doctor/pharmacy shoppers, excessive dosages, and dangerous drug combinations and establish a pharmacy inspection program to audit for prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) compliance and prompt training and education upon identification of practice deficiencies.
The goal of this project is to utilize Ohio’s PDMP to support cross-system collaboration and data sharing among prescribers, law enforcement, and treatment professionals to reduce opioid misuse. Ohio’s PDMP, known as “OARRS,” is operated by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy, which intends to use federal funds to implement the following program enhancements: a new pre-criminal intervention program run by two OARRS intervention agents and a new method that supports clinical decision making by drug court participants to OARRS. To break down silos, the Board plans to collaborate with the Supreme Court of Ohio to report active drug court participants to OARRS.
The Ohio Board of Pharmacy will improve overall data quality by developing a prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) enhancement that requires all users to automatically update their information within the system every six months and correct any missing information; create a treatment location tool for clinicians in the Ohio Automated Rx Reporting System (OARRS) that uses dispensing data from the system and other external sources to locate active prescribers of medication-assisted treatment to treat opioid abuse; continue to review data in the state PDMP; and work with state, federal, and local law enforcement to initiate criminal and/or administrative investigations of health-care providers.
The Supreme Court of Ohio has been awarded funding for the eight-state regional project, to create the Appalachia/Midwest Regional Judicial Opioid Initiative (RJOI), which includes Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Tennessee, and West Virginia. This initiative facilitates the improvement of PDMP exchanges across state lines, establishes regional best practices, and coordinates and standardizes procedures that provide a more targeted, unified regional response to the opioid epidemic. The RJOI effort is led by the Leadership Committee (composed of each state’s Supreme Court chief justice and the state court administrator), which relies on the National Center for State Courts for aid and coordination. Indiana University’s Public Policy Institute is the action researcher for the project.
The Tennessee Bureau of Investigation Crime Lab will decrease response times for reporting drug analysis and case results to stakeholders, expand forensic testing to improve the comprehensiveness of drug data available, and develop an avenue to report drug abuse in more real time than is currently available in the state.
The Tennessee Department of Health will improve the state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) (known as the Controlled Substances Monitoring Database [CSMD]) by joining the RxCheck hub, exploring the potential for integrating into electronic health records in Tennessee, and incorporating additional risk models and clinical information that can provide enhanced data to sites engaged in electronic health record integration.
The Tennessee Department of Health will create an overdose epidemic response coordinator position; integrate data on overdoses that occur and are treated in the field, including data from emergency medical services and law enforcement; and increase the ability to expand analytic work such as studying the roles of new drugs of concern including gabapentin, stimulants, and illicit drugs.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services will develop the Sullivan County Overdose Response Team (SCORT) in Sullivan County. Grant funds will be used to support a coordinator and peer navigator(s), and a case manager will provide support services to both individuals who have overdosed and victims as well as administrative grant support. The case manager will also coordinate with the Tennessee Alliance for Drug Endangered Children (TADEC) and the Sullivan County District Attorney’s Office through the Sullivan County Family Justice Center. The SCORT coordinator will be responsible for exporting and uploading all relevant data into the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP) data collection tool. An independent evaluator will serve as the project evaluator.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services will develop the Hamilton County Police and Community Overdose Response Team (PCORT) in Hamilton County. Grant funds will be used to support a coordinator and peer navigator(s), and a case manager will provide support services to both individuals who have overdosed and victims, as well as providing administrative grant support. The case manager will also coordinate with the Tennessee Alliance for Drug Endangered Children (TADEC) and the Hamilton County District Attorney’s Office through the Hamilton County Family Justice Center. The PCORT coordinator will be responsible for exporting and uploading all relevant data into the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP) data collection tool. An independent evaluator will serve as the project evaluator.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services (TDMHSAS) will establish the Tennessee Comprehensive Opioid Response Strategies program, in collaboration with the Tennessee Department of Finance of Administration, Office of Criminal Justice Programs (OCJP). Funding will be used for the update of a statewide plan, the Prescription for Success Plan. A new statewide opioid response plan has been implemented during 2018 and is now the guideline for implementation strategies under the project. Local communities are being selected to participate in Sequential Intercept Mapping planning workshops. The action plans developed in these workshops will be supported by implementation funding through the grant. State planning resources will be integrated into local planning workshops.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services will support the expansion of behavioral telehealth care services in nine counties in Tennessee, seven of which are designated as rural-based, according to the Economic Research Service Rural-Urban Commuting Areas definition. Each of the participating counties has a poverty rate above the statewide average.
The Tennessee Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse will: • Support six new implementation project sites (Davidson, Montgomery, Sumner, Putnam, Wilson, and Washington counties) as well as five enhancement project sites for counties that are currently COAP funded (Sullivan, Hamilton, Knox, Jefferson, and Coffee Counties). Sullivan and Hamilton Counties will (1) embed behavioral health clinicians with law enforcement; (2) provide employment readiness and connection to employment services both pre- and post-incarceration; and/or (3) deliver evidence-based cognitive behavioral therapy courses. • Enhance six regional drug-endangered children response teams in Dickson, Cheatham, Lawrence, Franklin, Jefferson, and Scott Counties. Response teams will use a collaborative approach in meeting the needs of children affected by drug overdose events as well as their parents. The Tennessee Bureau of Investigation will also implement a statewide prevention strategy by creating a virtual reality game with education content for students to engage with at school events. • Integrate three certified peer recovery support specialist (CPRS) positions in probation and parole offices across the state, one in each of the three Grand Divisions of Tennessee. • Provide recovery support services, including recovery housing, as part of a comprehensive response. Dr. Carolyn Marie Audet and Lauren Allard will serve as the research partners for this project.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice Technology-assisted Treatment will expand the continuum of care for participants who need services for opioid abuse but lack the resources (e.g., transportation, recovery support) to obtain the services. The proposed pilot sites shall service clients who have used or abused opioids and are returning to a rural county in or surrounding one of the four cities (Amarillo, Longview, Odessa, and Texarkana) listed among the nation’s top 25 cities identified as having opioid users. These Texas counties may include but are not limited to Angelina, Bowie, Camp, Cass, Cook, Delta, Ector, Fannin, Franklin, Grayson, Gregg, Harrison, Hopkins, Houston, Hunt, Jasper, Kaufman, Lamar, Marion, Midland, Morris, Navarro, Nacogdoches, Newton, Nueces, Panola, Polk, Potter, Red River, Rockwall, Rusk, Sabine, San Augustine, San Jacinto, Shelby, Titus, Trinity, Tyler, and Upshur.
The Institute of Business Analytics (IBA) is the research hub for the Culverhouse College of Business at the University of Alabama. IBA will develop the Unified Nexus for Leveraging Opioid Crime Knowledge (UNLOCK) system, which will provide decision makers with the information they need to allocate resources and policies in a timely manner. The UNLOCK system will serve as a data communications pipeline whereby information from the Alabama Department of Forensic Sciences, Medicaid, and other future partners can flow back up the chain to decision makers in a de-identified manner. The data will consist of summarized toxicology information, evidence test results, and coroner death report information and other georeferenced data that will assist decision makers. The UNLOCK system will be deployed to field officers, law enforcement administrators, prosecutors, community affiliates, public health providers, and researchers to provide them with complete analytics capability.
Florida faces a pharmaceutical and nonpharmaceutical opioid epidemic that requires a strong multidisciplinary approach with effective collaboration and intelligence sharing between public safety and public health. The Florida drug-Related Outcomes and Surveillance Tracking System (FROST) is a valuable resource for providing timely analysis, visualization, and reporting of pharmacoepidemiologic data. This project at the University of Florida aims to: (1) expand the FROST system and its technology to (a) enhance public safety and public health collaboration and strategic decision making in Florida and (b) increase uptake of county-level prescribing indicators generated by the Prescription Behavioral Surveillance System (PBSS) for Florida and California; (2) evaluate synthetic opioid-related deaths by establishing a fatality review team in the Sarasota Medical Examiner's Office region; and (3) evaluate the impact of national prescribing guidelines on high-risk prescribing associated with negative public health and safety outcomes in two large states, Florida and California.
The Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center (KIPRC), bona fide agent for the Kentucky Department for Public Health, intends to implement a project that will strengthen interagency as well as researcher-practitioner collaborations, expand data sharing, and improve decision making of regulatory and law enforcement agencies and public health officials in their efforts to reduce prescription drug misuse and diversion as well as illicit drug use. The goals of the project are to evaluate the impact of Kentucky Law SB32, which required the inclusion of drug conviction data in Kentucky All Schedule Prescription Electronic Reporting (KASPER); develop and provide education for prescribers and dispensers on the content of conviction data within KASPER patient reports; evaluate changes in gabapentin prescribing and diversion since gabapentin became a Schedule V controlled substance in Kentucky in 2017; analyze existing and new data sets for identification of drug abuse; and hold quarterly action team meetings to review recent data. The project's research component will be performed by action researchers from KIPRC, the Institute for Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy (IPOP), and the Center on Drug and Alcohol Research (CDAR), University of Kentucky.
The University of Kentucky Research Foundation, on behalf of the Kentucky Injury Prevention and Research Center (KIPRC), a bona fide agent for the Kentucky Department for Public Health (DPH), will (1) develop an algorithm-based mechanism to identify high-volume, high-risk opioid prescribing specialty groups within a health-care system to provide actionable information to health-care leadership to initiate targeted education; (2) develop an algorithm to identify inpatients whose specific principal diagnoses increase the likelihood that they will receive opioid prescriptions upon discharge and during follow-up care; and (3) develop diagnosis-specific patient education materials to facilitate a health-care system intervention for inpatients with these diagnoses. The results will be disseminated by developing reports, peer-reviewed manuscripts, and a repository of developed and tested patient- and prescriber-oriented educational materials to facilitate replication in other health-care systems and settings.
The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program will improve the quality and accuracy of Utah’s prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP), known as the Controlled Substance Database, by developing a data quality assurance program, developing the infrastructure for users and system audit logging, and improving Controlled Substance Database (CSD) infrastructure and reports.
The Utah Department of Health Violence and Injury Prevention Program proposes to develop a data information sharing system with public safety and local health departments. The key indicators will include mortality, morbidity, and prescription of behavior-related data using data from death certificates, medical examiner records, syndromic surveillance, prescription drug monitoring data (known as the Controlled Substance Database), emergency department records, and poison control data. These efforts will assist in developing an information sharing system that is timely to inform prevention efforts.
The Ventura County Health Care Agency–Ventura County Behavioral Health Department, the Ventura County Sheriff’s Office, the Ventura County Public Health Department, the Ventura County Emergency Medical Services Agency, and the Ventura County Ambulatory Care Department will convene the County Opioid Abuse Suppression Taskforce (COAST) to improve the quality, consistency, sharing, and integration of local and state prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to monitor community-level conditions/outcomes and target/coordinate resources to increase impact in response to the opioid abuse epidemic. Funds will also be used to complete, document, and disseminate an evaluation of state and local prescriber trends by scope of practice and to deploy the ESRI ArcGIS Opioid Epidemic Solution. EVALCORP Research and Consulting will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The State of Vermont Department of Health Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs will identify community-level data sets pertaining to opioid use/misuse and associated physical, mental, environmental, and social health consequences and develop a data platform for community groups to access and manipulate data to identify pertinent local areas of concern. Vermont is recruiting a research partner for the proposed project.
The Warren County, Ohio, Commissioners Office, in partnership with the Department of Children Services, Warren County Sheriff’s Office, Mental Health and Recovery Services of Warren and Clinton County, and the Addiction Policy Forum, propose to pilot the Child Assessment and Response Evaluation program, a 24/7 rapid response intervention program for children who are present at the scene of an overdose of a parent or loved one. The Urban Institute will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Washington State Department of Health will improve the quality and accuracy of prescription monitoring program (PMP) data, expand use of PMP data for surveillance of opioid-related health outcomes, enhance the production and dissemination of education materials, and assist the Washington State Department of Health in advancing a vision of a modular, interoperation, and flexible architecture for public health surveillance.
The Washington State Department of Health (DOH) will link prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data with various public health data sets housed within DOH and expand data visualizations and data sharing to help Washington State (and local partners) make data-based decisions regarding treatment and prevention of prescription drug-related health outcomes.
The Washington Department of Health will hire a prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) onboarding coordinator (management analyst) who will perform outreach and education, and provide onboarding assistance to facilities interested in integrating the PDMP query into their electronic health record (EHR) systems. Washington’s Emergency Department Information Exchange (EDIE) is a care management tool that has been largely successful in integrating PDMP data into its reports. By supporting more EHR-PDMP integration, it is expected that more health-care organizations will uptake the technology and fully adopt the Agency Medical Directors Group (AMDG) Interagency Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Pain. The Prescription Monitoring Program at the Washington State Department of Health will work with stakeholders, other state agencies, and health-care providers to develop metrics and measures to be included in provider feedback reports sent to prescribers to inform them of their own prescribing practices and how their practices relate to other prescribers of similar licensure and specialty.
Washington’s prescription opioid death rate for calendar year 2015, 5.5 per 100,000, was much higher than in 1999, 2.7 per 100,000. The proposed data-driven response project, led by the Washington Department of Health, is to reduce opioid misuse and overdose fatalities in Washington by providing quarterly prescription drug monitoring program (PDMP) data to health-care facility chief medical officers (CMOs). The data provided will be based on key PDMP indicators that will identify potential outlier prescribers compared with current guidelines from both the Washington State Agency Medical Directors Group (AMDG) Interagency Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Pain and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) prescribing guidelines. CMOs have the authority to engage with their prescribers in the development of proactive prescribing quality improvement (QI) interventions and to encourage provider use of the PDMP for clinical decision making. Development of QI interventions at the facility level will ensure effectiveness for the specific facility that can be closely monitored and amended as needed.
The Washington State Department of Health (DOH) will engage a competitive solicitation through a Request for Proposal (RFP) process for a vendor-provided Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) solution and contract with the winning vendor. Specific breakdown of costs for system enhancement, customization, and implementation will be provided by prospective vendors via the RFP process. To develop a Request for Proposal, Washington PMP will engage in an evaluation project with DOH IT resources to evaluate the needs of the program, enterprise needs of the agency, and options for PMP system replacement. Awarded funds will be used to support the staff and resources in developing the Request for Proposal announcement, including review of program needs and alignment with agency enterprise needs.
The Waukesha County Criminal Justice Collaborating Council will work with the District Attorney’s Office to develop a pre-charge diversion program for low-risk offenders who abuse illicit or prescription opioids and expand the use of deferred prosecution agreements for moderate-risk offenders who abuse illicit or prescription opioids. The University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee will serve as the evaluator for the proposed project.
The West Allis Health Department will implement the Cardiff Model, an enhanced violence surveillance system and intervention that involves information sharing and violence prevention among law enforcement, public health, and the medical field. The model requires (1) the collection, linking, and mapping of interpersonal violence information from emergency departments, police departments, and other relevant areas (e.g., emergency medical services [EMS]); and (2) the convening of a multidisciplinary stakeholder consortium to discuss and utilize timely information to implement data-informed violence-prevention activities. The Cardiff Model has not been evaluated regarding its impact in the United States and requires evaluation in the proposed health-care, population, and environmental contexts. Further, by incorporating and discussing opioid-related data sets (e.g., the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program [ODMAP], the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program [PDMP]) alongside violence data sets, this model may have utility for addressing the intersection of violence and opioid misuse. The Medical College of Wisconsin and its Comprehensive Injury Center will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources proposes a partnership among the West Virginia Office of Emergency Medical Services (EMS); the West Virginia Poison Control Center; medical examiners; the West Virginia Office of Maternal, Child and Family Health; and EMS, fire, and law enforcement personnel. The project will develop and enhance information sharing partnerships by linking data and distributing performance measure reports with respect to prehospital naloxone administration as well as fatal and nonfatal overdoses. The University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill Department of Emergency Medicine EMS Performance Improvement Center will serve as the research partner for the proposed project. A Web service will be developed that delivers data to the Overdose Detection Mapping Application Program (ODMAP).
The West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services (DCJS) proposes three initiatives: • Expand and improve the state’s Handle with Care (HWC) initiative. The HWC initiative supports children exposed to trauma and violence through improved communication and collaboration between law enforcement and schools/child care agencies and mental health providers, and connects families, schools, and communities to mental health services. • Expand and enhance the West Virginia law enforcement assisted diversion program, which diverts those suspected of low-level drug and prostitution offenses away from jail and prosecution into case management, legal coordination, and other supportive services. This aspect of the proposed project will focus heavily on the counties of Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer, Webster, and Wirt, which currently lack diversion programs. • Enhance and expand telehealth services for those in underserved and geographically isolated communities. Similar to the diversion aspect, the telehealth aspect of the proposed project would expand services to Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer, Webster, and Wirt Counties. These services will include psychiatric evaluations with treatment plan development, individual and group counseling, cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication-assisted treatment (including buprenorphine and naltrexone), and peer recovery support services. DJCS has partnered with the West Virginia Office of Research and Strategic Planning, West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Bureau of Behavioral Health, and the West Virginia Office of Drug Control Policy in the implementation, monitoring, oversight, and sustainment of the proposed project.
The West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services (DJCS) will address the opioid crisis in West Virginia by increasing the number of technology-assisted treatment services for individuals involved with the justice system because of an opioid use disorder in rural areas. The program plans to provide mental health services, addiction recovery services, and alternative sanctions or diversions. These services will be implemented through existing community corrections programs and future partnerships to provide risk and need assessments, group counseling, and individual counseling. The project will purchase and install the necessary hardware and software in 12 community corrections programs. The Office of Research and Strategic Planning, a unit within the DJCS, will provide for the research needs of the project.
The West Virginia Division of Justice and Community Services (WVDJCS) partnered with the West Virginia Office of Research and Strategic Planning (ORSP), the West Virginia Division of Health and Human Resources Bureau of Behavioral Health and Health Facilities (BBHHF), county commissions, and nonprofit residential recovery programs. Funds will be used to assist multiple-day report centers and residential recovery programs in increasing the number of peer recovery coaches and expanding available peer recovery services throughout the state.
The Whatcom County Prosecuting Attorney’s Office (PAO) proposes to implement a Law Enforcement Assisted Diversion (LEAD) program in Whatcom County. Grant funds will be used to hire a Project Coordinator through the Whatcom County PAO and three case managers through a subcontract to Sea Mar Community Health Center. Funds will also be used to support transitional housing. Project partners include the Whatcom County Public Defender’s Office, the Whatcom County Sheriff’s Office, the Whatcom County Health Department, the City of Bellingham Police Department, the City of Bellingham City Attorney’s Office and Sea Mar Community Health Center.
The Winnebago County District Attorney will improve data infrastructure and develop diversion strategies for people with opioid use disorders using evidence-based components. BetaGov/Litmus at New York University (NYU) will serve as the research partner for the proposed project.
The Wisconsin Department of Justice, in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Health Services, will develop a comprehensive state plan that will assist the state and localities in engaging and retaining individuals in the justice system in diversion, treatment, and recovery services. This plan will identify training and technical assistance programs for localities aimed at improving treatment engagement and client outcomes; supporting the tracking, compiling, coordinating, and dissemination of statewide and local data; and expanding the collaborative efforts between state and local agencies. Funding is also provided to implement the plan once it is approved.
The Wisconsin Department of Justice (DOJ) will support the implementation of local law enforcement assisted diversion (LEAD) and medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs in jails. Five pre-booking diversion sites using the LEAD model will be selected to provide diversion to treatment at the pre-arrest or post-arrest stages. Nine jail-based sites will be selected to provide non-narcotic, non-addictive injectable MAT to an inmate in the days immediately preceding re-entry to the community. The MAT program will include community-based care coordination for inmates exiting the county or tribal jail and rely on evidence-based, trauma-informed practices for substance use disorder treatment. This project will engage the Wisconsin DOJ's Bureau of Justice Information and Analysis as the research partner for this project.
The Wisconsin Department of Justice (DOJ), in partnership with the Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services, Department of Health Services, and Medical College of Wisconsin, will develop and enhance local and state information sharing partnerships by adding overdose fatality review teams in eight jurisdictions, providing training to these new teams, and piloting a bidirectional information sharing of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) with the DOJ, emergency medical services, and the medical examiner to better inform prescribers of overdose activity.
The Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services will enhance interoperability for health-care professional users of the Wisconsin Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (WI ePDMP) by adding interstate data and electronic health record (EHR) integration options. This will be achieved by connecting to the RxCheck hub and developing specifications for an alternate EHR integration option for smaller clinical practices.
The Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services will enhance the Wisconsin Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (WI ePDMP) by convening user groups to identify and prioritize future enhancements to the WI ePDMP system. The Wisconsin Department of Safety and Professional Services will work to develop and deploy enhancements to meet user needs for a clinical decision support tool, a prescribing practice assessment tool, an interdisciplinary communication tool, and a public health tool.
The Wyoming County District Attorney’s Office (WCDAO) will establish a peer recovery support program to improve access to treatment for overdose survivors and their families. The certified recovery specialists will meet with patients in the emergency department and throughout the community and will coordinate referrals/warm hand-offs to behavioral health agencies within the county. WCDAO will also establish a new program to connect individuals who interact with first responder agencies, including EMS, fire departments, and law enforcement, with evidence-based treatment resources for substance abuse and mental health. This program will also provide training to first responders on addiction, mental health, and trauma-informed care. A formal law enforcement diversion program will also be created to connect individuals with treatment.
The York/Adams Drug and Alcohol Commission proposes to establish a new program to connect persons leaving prison with the appropriate evidence-based treatment and support services, which may include medication-assisted treatment; connect individuals who are on work-release with treatment and nontreatment services; and establish an integrated data system containing all law enforcement naloxone utilizations, emergency medical services naloxone utilizations, and hospital emergency department admissions and encourage prescription drug monitoring program usage.
The Yurok Tribal Court’s long-term goal is to develop, implement, and enhance diversion programs to address the escalating opioid epidemic within the Yurok community. The Yurok Tribe will be implementing the Yurok Opioid Diversion to Healing (YODH) Program. YODH will complete a Yurok Tribal Action Plan and community assessment, implement a community education and outreach program and workplace opioid awareness program, develop and implement a screening process in collaboration with the Humboldt and Del Norte Sheriffs’ Offices and the Superior Courts, and establish a formalized diversion process.